Benjamin Franklin: A Brief Biography Essay

1160 Words 5 Pages
Benjamin Franklin, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, was born January 17, 1706 in Boston, Massachusetts. He held numerous jobs throughout his lifetime including author, printer, inventor, scientist, postmaster, political theorist, statesman, diplomat, and civic activist. As a scientist he made significant contributions to the history of physics and American innovation through his experiments and discoveries with electricity. He was given the title “The First American” because of his early work with the new colony. He also gave important credibility to the newly forming American nation through his work as an author, spokesman in London, and as the first American ambassador to France. Franklin defined his vision of what a …show more content…
He was a talented and gifted inventor, and his numerous inventions included the Franklin stove, bifocal eyeglasses, the lightning rod, the glass harmonica, and the flexible urinary catheter. Thomas Malthus gave Franklin credit for figuring out and creating “the rule of population”, which had a significant impact on the emerging science of population study. Developing an interest in the North Atlantic Ocean gyres, Franklin published his much-used Gulf Stream chart in England in 1770. Following its success there, it was later printed in France in 1778 and America in 1786. The discoveries he made during his study of this were the result of his interest in electricity. He was the first person to term the poles negative and positive, and the first to discover “the principle of conservation of charge” (Brands, 2000). In 1736 Ben founded the Union Fire Company, one of the earliest volunteer companies in America. His creation of the American Philosophical Society followed in 1743, its purpose to provide a way for scientifically minded men to come together to discuss and share their discoveries and theories. The Pennsylvania legislature granted a contract to Franklin and Dr. Thomas Bond in 1751, allowing them to start Pennsylvania Hospital, possibly the first hospital in what would later become the United States. Franklin was unanimously chosen by the Pennsylvania Assembly to act as their representative to the Second

Related Documents