Alcohol and its Effects Essay

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Alcohol and its Effects

     Alcohol is a substance that has become a part of the social settings in today’s world. Many people can say they have drunk alcohol and most can even remember their first sip of beer. Whether it was given to us by our parents or at a social engagement, everyone has encountered alcohol in their lives. But as responsible people, have we ever stopped to realize that we are taking a drug in to our system that is both harmful and addictive? Alcohol affects a wide range of digestive-system disorders such as inflammation of pancreas and cirrhosis of the liver. The central and peripheral nervous systems can be permanently damaged causing blackouts, hallucinations, and extreme tremor may
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The liver damage will swell with acute intoxication, often painfully, and will show fatty infiltration and enlargement if ingestion continues regularly. With excessive alcohol over many years, the ravaged liver becomes scarred, shrunken, and relatively non-functional. This end-stage cirrhosis is associated with the yellow, demented alcoholic, belly swollen with water. The pancreatitis is a consequence of alcoholism as well. Alcohol stimulates pancreatic secretion. Malnutrition with deficiencies of protein and vitamins contributes to chronic pancreatic dysfunction. Impairment of pancreatic enzyme production spoils digestion and contributes to malabsorption of nutrients. Decreased insulin production may cause or aggravate diabetes.
     It is estimated that the annual number of deaths related to excessive drinking exceed 97,000 in the United States alone. Economic costs related to alcoholism are at least $100 billion a year. This is why alcoholics experience blackouts, hallucinations, and extreme tremor after consuming an excess amount of alcohol. The prevalence of alcoholic cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease) is unknown. Alcohol-induced heart damage appears to increase with lifetime dose of alcohol. Even though alcohol can damage the brain in many ways, the most serious effect is Korsakoff’s syndrome. This causes the inability to remember recent events or to learn new information. These incidents of alcohol-related brain

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