Abortion Essay

1267 Words 6 Pages
Abortion has been around since ancient times as a crude method of birth control. Many religions during this time forbade the practice of abortion. Abortion was not illegal in most countries until the 19th century. The law against abortion during this time period forbade the procedure after fetal movement could be felt. However in the 20th century many nations began to relax their laws against abortion. Today, all types of abortions are legal except the partial birth abortion, which will be described later. This procedure is only allowed if the fetus is showing severe deformities. “An abortion is the termination of pregnancy before birth, resulting in, or accompanied by, the death of the fetus”(Encarta …show more content…
These could both be provided to women at clinics or a doctor’s office. They only last a few minutes and the most common side effect is infection, and bleeding. When the pregnancy is six to fourteen weeks into the pregnancy, vacuum aspiration is done. This procedure requires the cervix to be enlarged so the cannula can be inserted into the uterus. Seeing that the cervix was larger, tapered instruments called dilators, enlarge the cervix more, so the final instrument could be inserted. The fluid that surrounds the fetus is then removed and replaced with another fluid. This fluid is either saline or salt, pitocin, which is a synthetic form of a chemical produced by the pituitary gland that induces labor. Within 24 to 48 hours after the procedure the uterus begins to go into labor and the fetus is forced out. The side effects are heavy bleeding, infection, or injuries to the cervix and require a stay of one or more days at the hospital. Once the pregnancy reached the end of the second trimester they require a major surgery. There are two procedures that are done during this time period, such as hysterotomy and intact dilation. In a hysterotomy, which is similar to a cesarean section, the uterus is cut open and the fetus is removed. This procedure is performed under general anesthesia. A partial birth abortion, also intact dilation, consists of partially

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