Leon Kass Ethics Of Human Cloning

Great Essays
In “Wisdom of Repugnance” in his book “Ethics of Human Cloning” Leon Kass blames the willingness of people to entertain and use alternative forms of human reproduction on the media and being “softened up” Kass contends that it is procedure like test tube babies, surrogacy and invitro-fertilization that has opened the door to the possibility of cloning. He believes that these changes threaten to change the connections within the family dynamic because cloning allows the people to reproduce outside of the typical male-female relationship. The ability to clone will change the meaning of what a family is. According to Kass that would “undermine the justification and support that biological parenthood gives to a monogamous marriage” In this paper …show more content…
This is only an issue if one subscribes to the notion that a person’s life is determined based on their genome. If a person is seen as the result of their experiences, then this is a concept that is irrelevant. There is also the idea that cloned children would not be created for themselves but for a purpose. So therefore they would be valued as a means rather than for themselves. De Melo-Martin counters with the fact that a cloned child can be given value as both a person and a means and besides just because the clone would have the same DNA does not mean that they would have the same traits or abilities. Supporters of cloning often use the following three arguments (1) They contend that cloning is just another technology that enables people to have genetic offspring. (2) The purport that cloning is another tool in the fight against genetic disease (3) Cloning will allow people to clone dead loved ones. De Mel-Martin believes that if these arguments are true then we have even more reason to go through with …show more content…
Yes, having a child through cloning, surrogacy or invitro is a different form of reproduction, but that does not mean that it is wrong. Plus, these non-traditional methods of reproduction allow couples or women to have the biological children they may not be able to have naturally (2) The belief that a cloned child would not have their own individuality. The fact that Kass, who I would guess to be educated believes this, shows in my opinion his ignorance and bias on the subject. I will be open minded enough to give him the benefit of having a lack of knowledge because his paper was written in 1997 and there have been a number of changes in the scientific community that he would not have been aware of. The thing is just because two people share the same genetic coding does not mean that the DNA coding both people manifest in the same way. Basically, this means that a person’s clone could look nothing like them even though they are genetically the same. This is because the genetic markers may end up lining up differently (3) The idea that clones would affect family dynamics. This assertion is mind boggling. The cloned child is not the original and so the family dynamics need not be any different than they would be if the woman had given birth to a child that was conceived with two parents (4) Cloning opens the door to

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    Is Human Cloning Possible

    • 1372 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Instead of creating clones that have to experience the effects of the imperfections, scientists should focus more on improving the lives of people by using other ways that does not include ethics or does not cause harm to others. These scientists are making the clones suffer through unneeded complications. Head states in the article, “Should human cloning be banned?”, “Scientists generally agree that it would be irresponsible to clone a human being until cloning has been perfected, given that the cloned human would probably face serious, and ultimately terminal, health issues.” It is impetuous for scientists to continue cloning because the babies that were made are alive and have their own feelings. They should not be forced to live with health issues their entire life because of our imperfect experiments. Scientists only want to create clones in order to have better organ donors.…

    • 1372 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Arguments Against Cloning

    • 1366 Words
    • 6 Pages

    The positive arguments to cloning are having a genetically related child, cloning and savior siblings, cloning to replace a “deceased” child and the loss of therapeutic cloning through SCNT. For couples who are unable to procreate through contraception, would enjoy the chance to be able to clone to have a genetically related child. It can be an idea for if the mother, father or even both are unable to procreate to have a child. Including if a single mother or homosexual couple wanted to have a child they would be able to. Cloning and Savior Siblings is an argument that is not fairly new to conceive another child to use the organs or bodily fluids to save an older child from illness or death.…

    • 1366 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The stem cells or embryonic cells “can be harvested for treatment use from the cellular blastocyst. The harvesting or “stealing” of these cells results in the end of life for the “innocent human beings.”’(Siegel, Andrew). When it comes to stem cell use and where they are acquired from is a big debate between many doctors, scientists and citizens. The real question is from who, what, why, and legal and many people believe that it should be legal due to a belief that conception is the creation of a life and using stem cells from an aborted fetus ruins that. ESCR (embryonic stem cell research) is argued to be a motive that is unfair as well as the debate on whether it should be declared illegal due to the possible death, pain and unfair treatment to all involved ("Ten Problems with Embryonic Stem Cell Research.").…

    • 1258 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    In fact, they think it is a better option for children and their parents. They can choose an embryo that is not going to be affected by a certain gene and then their child will not have a specific disease, but that does not make up for the fact that one of the embryos just gets thrown away. Also when someone changes the genes to avoid a disease there is always a possibility that the gene pools gets messed up. Overall, there are more cons in the situation than pros and “designer babies” are not worth the risk. Some people are not able to have children for medical reasons so they have to look into In Vitro Fertilization for further help, but “designer babies” are going farther than that.…

    • 1505 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Who are we to take away that right to our uniqueness? We are also taking away our own natural ability to provide a better chance of survival by the genetic differences provided by sexual reproduction. Many arguments have been made in the past on why cloning is ethical, but in retrospect they are wrong. In this case the pro’s do not outweigh the con’s. Arguments have been made stating that cloning could save lives, but it would jeopardize many more than it would save the scientists from the article “The Cloning Debate.…

    • 1745 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Gene Therapy Cons

    • 2176 Words
    • 9 Pages

    The downside is that germ-line therapy could have overwhelming and unintended effects on not only the embryo but future generations. Once a mistake is made in germ-line therapy, it is permanent and has the potential to be passed on to future offspring. It is also an expensive treatment which will not be available to most couples. Much like Glannon, Walters and Palmer argue that germ-line therapy has the potential to lead to genetic enhancement which would not be beneficial for society as a whole. It could also then allow few individuals, such as scientists and doctors, power and control over future generations and the evolving human race.…

    • 2176 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    If we cloned humans, a whole new set of laws would need to be created just to identify their rights and whether they are property or their own person. If everyone had two or three clones walking around, it would be hard to tell people from their clones, and the entire world would plunge into confusion. In conclusion, the disadvantages of cloning outweigh the benefits. Even though cloning can be useful by providing children to families, subjects for experimentation, and extra body parts, it is generally considered unethical to clone and to play God. If we cloned humans, they would very likely have genetic defects…

    • 723 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    A quote from Cardinal Sean O’Malley was included, saying that human cloning is immoral because it “treats human beings as products, manufactured to order suit to other people’s wishes.” The article then goes on to talk about the benefits of therapeutic cloning when discussing the fact that they can be used for diseases. It ends with the drawbacks of Therapeutic cloning in that there may not be enough donor eggs. Both sides of the argument are successfully shown in this article and I do not believe the author showed any bias towards the topic he presented. This story is relevant to society as a whole because it shows how even though cloning can be beneficial to some, there are others who believe cloning is immoral and unnecessary. Articles like this can be read by anybody to inform them about topics on Biotechnology that are being experimented on.…

    • 867 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Essay On Gene Editing

    • 771 Words
    • 4 Pages

    It is wrong for parents and scientists to play God, except in the instance it could save the child from suffering. Now that scientists have successfully modified human embryos, the debates is on if human germline editing, changing the genetic code of future descendants, is an ethical thing to do. People say it is unnatural, but so are antibiotics and modern medicine. Another argument against gene editing is that it is changing the next generation without their consent, which is an awful argument because they cannot consent if they do not exist. The more time…

    • 771 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Warren’s article “Abortion Is Morally Permissible” discusses if a fetus deserves to have a right to live. She begins her argument with describing why fetuses do not deserve rights because they do not have any traits of personhood. She then points out that even throughout the entire pregnancy a fetus does not deserve rights, she ends her argument by stating that even though a fetus has the potential to become a person it should not have as much rights as a pregnant women who is already a person. Warren’s argument is thought out and has very little mistakes, but the few mistakes that are there can be pulled apart and can be used to destroy her argument. In the article “Abortion Is Morally Permissible” Warren argues that a women should be allowed…

    • 1931 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays

Related Topics