Why did the Bolsheviks gain power in Russia in 1917?
In March, 1917, Tsar Nicholas resigned from the throne. New laws were passed by the new government called the ‘Provisional Government’, many Russians faced by poverty were expecting changes, but the laws did not pass their expectations. This government did not last long. Lenin, leader of the Bolsheviks travelled to Russia and was dissatisfied with the new government and made a bid for power. In October, the Bolsheviks led another revolution, which remove the Provisional Government from power. With Lenin, now the ruler of Russia, he went about completely altering Russia into a Communist society.
There were many reasons why the Bolsheviks gaining power in Russia, in 1917. Many were to
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Many Russians disliked the Provisional Government because the government’s ministers came from rich families and did not understand the problems peasants faced, nor could they agree with each other. The new laws passed were suited to the wealthy and affluent people of Russia. They also refused to give farmland to the poor. Kerensky (the leader) decided to keep fighting Germany, though many Russian soldiers refused to fight, the Provisional Government set up ‘death squads’ to execute deserters. This made things worse – by October 1917, soldiers were deserting, going home, killing the landlords, and taking land. . The Government used the Tsars winter palace as a meeting place- this made many wonder if things would ever change. The Petrograd Soviets was very powerful, they forbade soldiers and workers to obey the Provisional Government unless the Soviet agreed; this shows the government was not powerful against the Soviets and they did not do anything to stop them. There were also the terrible conditions, inflation and hunger got worst because the war did not end. Peasants started taking noble land, and the Provisional Government sent troops to take back the land; this made the peasants very angry. The Provisional Government allowed freedom of speech and the press, and released political prisoners after the July Days; the Provisional Government arrested the leaders, but let the Bolshevik Party continue. This helped the Bolsheviks.