White Taled Deer Research Paper

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The White Tailed Deer, otherwise known as the Odocoileus virginianus, is part of the Animalia kingdom, Chordata phylum, Mammalia class, Artiodactyla order, Cervidae family, and the Odocoileus genus. Odocoileus dervis from the greek noun odontis, which means tooth and from the Greek adjective koilos, which means hollow. Virginianus is a newer Latin term meaning “of Virginia,” which is used in taxonomy to indicate that a species is linked with Virginia and its surrounding areas. The O. virginianus is said to be one of the oldest large mammal species in North America. Fossils in Florida have been found dating back 3.5 million years. They evolved from a similar species called Odocoileus brachyodonuts who had dissimilar antlers and teeth. Today, …show more content…
virgnianus spends most of its time in two separate groups, one consisting of the males and the other of the females. Bucks usually travel in groups of four to five when it is not mating season. While does and fawns will typically stay in much larger groups up, unless the doe does not have any fawns. However, during the mating season the bucks become more solitary and will begin to fight. Buck will ram into each other with their antlers to prove who is dominate. The dominant male will eventually be able to reproduce with one or more of the does depending on how many are in his territory. However, while fighting bucks can become stuck in each others antlers and eventually starve to death. Additionally, most vocalizations are characterized as grunts, snorts and bleats. Grunts are used as social calls, to assert dominance or submit, and as mating calls when pursuing does. Snorts or blows are used as distress calls and to alert others of potential danger. Bleats are used by the fawns as a measure to draw does to their location. In addition to O. virgnianus reproductive behaviors, the does are highly protective of their young. After the fawn is born the doe will eat all of the after birth not only for nutrition, but also as a means of hiding the scent from predators. The doe will also leave the fawn hidden for hours as it feeds, since the fawn would be incapable of our running any potential predators. While hidden if the fawn creates any excrements the doe will return to move the fawn or will eat the waste to hide the fawns scent. O. virginianus is prey to many animals including mountain lion, wolves, bears, coyotes, and humans. However, due to their good eyesight, acute hearing, speed, and phenomenal sense of smell they are hard to catch. Today, humans are the only true predator of O. virginianus. Their other natural predators are either declining or will not expend the energy to catch a small

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