What New Approaches Have Been Developed And What Are Their Advantages?
A. Increase Methods of Holding School Districts Accountable
In her 1993 book entitled Last Chance High School: How Girls and Boys Drop In and Out of Alternative School, Dr. Dierdre Kelly examined Bay Area schools and noted the use of safety valve programs, in which alternative school programs serve as a tool to rid mainstream schools of “problem” students, without holding school administrators accountable for the consequences. Over twenty years later, there is still a need to prevent mainstream schools from using alternative schools in this manner, without giving thought to the consequences for the students they refer out. A solution is improved accountability measures and policies that do not neglect the welfare of individual students by prioritizing standardized testing. Policies for alternative education are inconsistent across the states, and some states do not have any legislation on the subject. California and Texas provide examples of clearly defined accountability programs. i. State Models
California – In 1999, California adopted the Public Schools Accountability Act, which requires that schools be subject to systems created by the California Department of Education. The Act requires school superintendents to “develop an alternative accountability system for schools under the jurisdiction of a county board of education or a county superintendent of schools, community day schools, .…