What Aspects Of The Services Provided By Phrenology, Physiognomy, Mesmerism, And Mental Healer

1561 Words Dec 9th, 2015 null Page
Discuss the services provided by phrenology, physiognomy, mesmerism, spiritualist, and mental healer. Identify what aspects of these pseudosciences are similar in some way to what professionals psychologist provide today.
The psychologies of the 19th century such as phrenology, physiognomy, mesmerism, spiritualist, and mental healers were very popular and the public strongly believed in their teachings and practices. Phrenology used the cranial measurement to identify the talents and dispositions of individuals. Physiognomy evaluated a person’s character, intellect, and abilities based on facial features, such as eyes, nose, chin, and forehead as the principal indicators. Mesmerism believed that fluids in the body were magnetized and through the use of magnets, hypnosis, and hands of Franz Mesmer any illness could be healed. Spiritualist believed in the communication with the dead through séance participation provided by a medium to receive guidance from the non-living. Mental healers believed the cure for diseases resided in the mental powers of the individual and not in the medical practices of the physician. Early psychologist withdrew from phrenology and physiognomy that their practices provided careful observation as part of the therapeutic process and insight. Franz Mesmer might not have been entirely wrong, as Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) has recently been used to provide electromagnetic current to a patients’ head in order to evaluate the connection…

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