Jean Watson Behaviorism

1761 Words 8 Pages
Major Positions There are three main stages of behaviorism each reflecting a different position. Watson’s behaviorism was the initial stage that was centered on observation methods. In these objective testing methods, subject’s responses to stimuli were measured as opposed to other components such as intelligence (Schultz, 1969). The two kinds of response are explicit, directly observable, and implicit, occur inside the body. In Watson’s behavioral psychology behavior one looks at the whole organism and how it interacts in its environment. His view was an effort to make a science without subjective ideas, and have a science as objective as physics (Schultz, 1969). Watson started this research with little Albert, and observed emotional response …show more content…
Skinner believed that values are established in terms of the reinforces that occur in consequence of those values (Kanekar, 1992). Under this position, actions are considered good when they are positively reinforcing (good outcomes) (Kanekar, 1992). Contrastingly, actions are thought to be bad when they are negatively reinforcing (bad outcomes) (Kanekar, 1992). Skinner also continues this theory that effective behaviors of ethical judgments are those that lead to human’s survival or sexual reproduction. Skinner believed that he can control human’s behavior and ultimately help the world in this manner (Schultz, 1969). His main goal was an improvement in society in a variety of settings such as: homes, schools, businesses, and institutions (Schultz, 1969). He thought if applied thoughtfully, his technology behind behavior could help human suffering overall. Consequently, he became frustrated when his work was not applied as intelligently as he predicted it should …show more content…
The theories are used extensively throughout the classroom to help with behavior management, self-efficacy, and learning. Albert Bandura’s self-efficacy can be implemented in a classroom setting. Teachers must scaffold students ability to set goals for themselves that lead to an overall objective. Each time a student finishes a goal, he or she will gain confidence in their ability to be successful in academics. As a teacher builds students’ self efficacy, they are more able to overcome personal obstacles in their lives. Students also, tend to seek out challenges when they have a high sense of self-efficacy. Personally, I aspire to guide my students in building this confidence, as I believe working through adversity is a significant life lesson. I want my students to have the tools to work through personal issues in order to give their best effort towards their

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