Week 1 Sociology Notes Essay
The Sociological Perspective
The sociological perspective provides a specific view of the world. Briefly describe this perspective and the assumptions this perspective is based on. The sociological perspective puts emphasis on the social context in which people live in and how these contexts influence their lives. At the center of this perspective is the question of how groups influence people, especially how people are influence by their society. Sociologists will look at how income, jobs, education, gender. age. and race affect people’s ideas and behavior.
Summarize the main points of Karl Marx’s theory of class conflict. Karl Marx’s class conflict theory states that the bourgeoisie (or the …show more content…
Define culture leveling and discuss how technology contributes to this process. Cultural leveling is a process in which cultures become similar to one another. The rise in technology allows for greater means of sharing our cultural tendencies with other parts of the world. The globalization of capitalism brings technology and Western culture to places all around the world, like Japan. Cultural leveling is occuring rapidy around the world and is allowing for different cultures to adapt to the Western culture.
Describe Piaget’s theory of how individuals develop reasoning skills. Piaget believed that people developed reasoning skills through a natural process. He believed that children go through four stages as they develop their ability to reason. The first of these stages is sensorimotor stage (from birth to about age 2). This stage is where understanding is limited to direct contact with the environment. The second stage is the preoperational stage (from about age 2 to age 7). This stage is where children develop the ability to use symbols. They don’t yet understand common concepts such as size, speed or causation. The third stage is the concrete