Water Conservation Essay

2254 Words 10 Pages
Register to read the introduction… It is because most human uses require fresh water with about 97.5% of the water on the Earth, salt water it leaves only 2.5% to be fresh water. Furthermore, two thirds of it is made up of ice frozen in glaciers and polar ice caps. The remaining majority is groundwater with a very small fraction present above ground or in the air. Furthermore, availability is questionable due to a small volume of fresh water ponds or lakes, sensitivity to rainfall causing fluctuations to the amount of water supplied and varied by seasons and climate. For hot equatorial climates, there will be an ability get more water while dry season reduces it. Even though it is so scarce, fresh water is still renewable at the moment but supply is decreasing due to climate change and demand is increasing with the increase in population. This causes inadequate supply being unable to meet with exceeding demand in certain areas over others and this will cause an imbalance of water distribution. (Badr et al, …show more content…
That is why authorities around the world have stepped in to introduce water conservation policies.
With the significance of how water is heavily depended upon for everyday use, we cannot allow this renewable resource to deplete to a stage where it becomes unhealthy causing water shortages. Water shortages occur due to two main factors, the increase in population and climate change.
The world's population, at nearly 6 billion, is growing by about 80 million people each year. This number implies an increased demand for freshwater of about 64 billion cubic metres a year (Hinrichsen et al, 1997). Not forgetting the small percentage of fresh water available, an increase in population would definitely cause an increase in the demand for water making water scarcity
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Through various campaigns in which the Public Utilities Board in Singapore where we reside in, has introduced. One of which is the 10 litre challenge where it challenges homes to take up 7 good water saving habits in the household where everyone as an individual can help to be a part of water conservation and showed the different other steps the government has taken through desalination of sea water, reverse osmosis of waste water, investing in increasing the areas of storm water collection and reservoirs, providing incentives to companies who adopt water conservation with the Water Efficiency

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