Vygotsky 's Zone Of Proximal Development Essay examples

1658 Words Jun 9th, 2015 null Page
Vygotsky placed a great deal of importance on the position played by culture in an infant’s development. He accepted that infants were born with established mental abilities like the capacity to focus on specific items. However, according to his theory, infants don 't have the capacity to do thing such as problem solving. Infants are able to learn through guided learning from more intelligent people. One of the key ideas of Vygotsky 's theory is the zone of proximal development. This is the difference between what a child can achieve when working by themselves and what the same child can achieve when given assistance from someone with the necessary knowledge. Another idea of how children learn is by the idea of scaffolding. This was suggested by Bruner et al in 1976 as a development of Vygotsky 's zone of proximal development. It refers to the context provided by knowledgeable people including parents and teachers to help children develop their cognitive skills. The 'scaffolding ', or support, provided by these adults is gradually removed as the child becomes more confident. The concept of the zone of proximal development and scaffolding has proved very efficient in teaching which only go’s to prove how accurate and appropriate these theories are. A dominate persuading element of children 's cognitive development according to Vygotsky is language. He hypothesise that there are four phrases to the development of language. These consist of the first phrase, during which…

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