Utilitarianism, Virtue Ethics, Care Ethics And Moral Theory

1672 Words 7 Pages
Being human grants us all the ability to make rational decisions. The world is full of dilemmas that push our rationality to the limits. How are we to best evaluate such decisions to maximize good moral standing? Ethical theories can give us standards against which to compare the possible choices presented by a dilemma. Consider the following event: “A company had a policy of strongly encouraging all workers over the age of 55 to retire in order to allow younger workers to be hired and advance within the company. The company pension is modest, but a retiree can survive on it.” To determine the most ethically sound choice, one may use the theories of Utilitarianism, Natural Law, Kant’s Moral Theory, Virtue Ethics, Care Ethics, and Symphonology. Utilitarianism is a teleological theory developed by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. This theory uses that Principle of Utility, stating that “we ought to do that which produces the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount.” To determine what produces the greatest happiness, one may use Hedonistic Calculus, which measure the …show more content…
This theory acknowledges the behavioral differences between women and men, without degrading either gender. The criteria for care ethics is founded on human relationships. To analyze any give situation, the parties being helped and harmed must be identified. In the retiree dilemma, the two basic parties involved are the potential retirees and the new employees. Because the retirees are humans, the deserve to earn enough income to survive, but so do the new employees. The retirees may somewhat harmed because they now longer have jobs to occupy their time, but is can be argued that they still have income, while the new employess would be significantly harmed from unemployment. This connection of humans to employers bound by income may be unjust, but the respect paid to the older adults permits reason to be claimed as

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