Japanese Art Influence

1673 Words 7 Pages
Japanese Art has played and influential role in western art. The influence of Japanese art made created a term, Japonism, this term specifically refers to Japanese influence on European art and culture. One of the most remarkable traditions in Japanese art is Ukiyo-e of the Edo period. As the ‘jewel’ of the Japanese printing art, it uses the most exquisite paper, the finest colors and elaborate technique. Ukiyo-e not only carved a deep influence in Japanese art, and also in western art history.
Ukiyo-e is a genre in Japanese printing art blossoming in 17th through 19th century. The word Ukiyo refers to “the floating world”, the realm of entertainment, and –e means the picture. The word ukiyo originally expressed the Buddhist idea of the
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It combined an energetic reawaken in pursuit of a form of poetry called kyoka, means “mad verse” or “crazy verse”. Kyoka became a catalyst for a highly imaginative fusion of arts in Edo- its poetry, fiction, calligraphy, ukiyo-e and theater. The next main theme of Ukiyo-e is Bijin , beautiful women. The portrayal of women changed radically during the Edo period as classical Japanese aesthetics blended with urban theme in ukiyo-e to celebrate the hedonistic world.
Ukiyo-e demonstrates the final period in the long evolution of Japanese genre painting. Ukiyo-e painters focused on enjoyable activities in landscape settings, shown close-up, with special attention to contemporary affairs and fashions. As artists chose themes engaged in the delight of urban life, their interest gradually shifted to indoor activities. The most popular subjects of painting in the early seventeenth century were scenes of love-making, Shunga, literally “springtime” picture, which became a genre of Ukiyo-e woodblock prints produced during the Edo period
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It was the first time Parisians discovered Japanese art. The exhibition displayed paintings, prints, ink drawings, bronzes, lacquers and ceramics. French artists incorporated Japanese aesthetics into their art, which is formulated as Impressionists nowadays . They started to combine the observations of the environment with the devices they found in Japanese art, particularly ukiyo-e. The vibrant color was applied with a looser brushstroke, Cut off composition and the use of silhouette became valid in their paintings. There were many Western Impressionist artists influenced by ukiyo-e. It is said Edgar Degas were among the earliest collector of Japanese art in France. Edgar Degas was collecting ukiyo-e prints which slowly shows the influence in his painting. Edgar Degas assimilated the lessons of Japanese dramatic composition, viewpoint and perspective, such as cutting off figures with the picture frame. Degas studied Katsushika Hokusai’s Manga, a particularly popular Japanese source from which Europeans continually borrowed motifs, and he understood Hokusai’s world more clearly. Hokusai’s vision was echoed in Degas’s favorite themes of washerwomen at work in the hot steamy laundries, nude studies in the brothel, and especially the theme of ballerinas. Another famous artist who also influenced by ukiyo-e, is Vincent Van Gogh. He first discovered Japanese prints in Holland, when

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