Types Of Major Depressive Disorder Essay

1647 Words Mar 29th, 2016 7 Pages
According to the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, major depressive disorder can be defined as a depressed mood or a loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities that lasts for two or more weeks at a time and has a significant impact on daily life. 25-year-old Tracy was referred to a mental health center when she began displaying symptoms of a depressive disorder that affected her daily functioning after her partner of two years "freaked out" and left her when she told him she was pregnant. Adversities were commonplace in Tracy 's childhood, which will have resulted in negative core beliefs about her self worth and the environment immediately around her. Individuals who are prone to depression tend to hold persistent, negative thought patterns around themselves, their environment and their future, which is true in Tracy 's case (Watkins. C.E, 1997). American psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck hypothesized these negative thought groups and labeled them the "cognitive triad".

Beck 's cognitive model describes the way in which people will react to a situation (trigger) based on early life experiences and the core beliefs that form from them. Early life experiences are also known as Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), which are traumas faced before the individual is 18. Child, Youth and Family Services removed Tracy from her biological parents at the age of two, as they were unable to provide her with adequate care. This adversity of being separated from her biological family…

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