Types, Effects, and Controls of Air Pollution Essay

928 Words Dec 26th, 2012 4 Pages
Types, Effects, and Controls of Air Pollution Air pollution depending upon which source you use is broken down in a couple of ways. No matter how you look at it though, air pollution is still air pollution and it is both harmful to humans and the environment. One source breaks air pollution down into two categories or seven primary and two secondary pollutant types (Wright & Boorse, 2008, p. 487). The primary pollutants can more easily be broken down into four types of pollution which are based upon the reason or cause. These types are: accidental, industrial, transport, and dwelling (Types of Air Pollution, 2010). Accidental pollution is derived from forest fires, industry leakage and blasts, or petroleum transport truck accidents. …show more content…
495). Other pollutants are carcinogenic, because they are breathed into the lungs, can increase the risk of lung cancer. The acute effects of air pollution, as mentioned previously, can cause deaths if/when pollution reaches severely high levels. However, these deaths usually occur by people who already have serious respiratory and/or heart diseases. At the same time, research today shows that even moderate levels of pollution can cause changes in a person’s heart rhythm and has been known to even cause deadly heart attacks. The chronic effects are due to extended exposure to different pollutants. Some pollutants like: carbon monoxide decreases the blood’s ability to carry oxygen and can add to heart disease; particulate matter can create problems in cardiovascular and respiratory diseases; nitrogen oxides and constant ozone inhalation attacks the immune system can cause inflammation, fibrosis and scarring of the lungs; and sulfur dioxide affects the bronchi and can cause bronchitis. COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) can happen or be caused by any number of these pollutants, as well. The carcinogens effects of several of these pollutants (mostly from diesel products) are known to be the culprits of many cancers; while benzene, which is from fossil fuels, is

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