Air Pollution During The Industrial Revolution

2048 Words 9 Pages
In the United States, air pollution has been an increasing problem for many years. Although there were many new technologies that arose during the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century, there were also new sources of pollution that were established. During the Industrial Revolution, many factories were built in order to manufacture new inventions. Coal was largely used in the factories. The smog and soot from the burning coal caused heavy air pollution. This problem still continues today. The biggest cause of air pollution in America today is the use of transportation. Other sources include forest fires and electricity. Air pollution has been a problem for many years and will continue to grow if no action is taken.
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This policy was implemented by President Barack Obama. The goal of this policy was to reduce the greenhouse gas pollution and increase the fuel economy. By the year 2016, new cars and trucks would require an average fuel economy standard of 35.5 miles per gallon which would save a total of 1.8 billion barrels of oils over the life of the program. This would also allow the fuel economy to gain an average of more than five percent every year. Ultimately, there would be a 900 million metric tons of greenhouse emissions that would be reduced. The standards set up in this policy surpassed the CAFE Law that was passed by Congress in 2007. That law only required for cars to have a 35 miles per gallon fuel economy standard in 2020. As mentioned earlier, cars and trucks contribute highly to the high level of toxins found in the air. This regulation was set forth in order to reduce those emissions found in the atmosphere. The National Fuel Efficiency Policy of 2009 does have both advantages and disadvantages in its implementation. There are many good arguments that support both the opposing parties and the policy’s supporters. The policy unites the auto industry, the government, and the environmental community to help make a change together. Each of these communities gain personal benefits as well. According to an article on idebate.org, the fuel …show more content…
It was most recently amended in 1990 by President Bush. President Bush’s goal was to target three different problems that were associated with air pollution. These three areas included acid rain, urban air pollution, and harmful air emissions. The act would require states in the nation to implement strategies or programs to help maintain good air quality. The Clean Air Act also set emission standards through the Environmental Protection Agency so that maximum amounts of toxic air emissions could be reduced. The act implemented several ideas for states to follow as a framework to develop plans to fight the problem. Some of these ideas include the promotion to conserve energy. Consumers would be encouraged by providers to conserve energy such as electricity. This effort would help reduce acid rain. Another one of these ideas was the encouragement to cut back on imported oil dependency and promote the use of natural gases. Since the first time the Clean Air Act was implemented, there have been many drastic changes that have shown the success of the act. Since 1980, ground level ozone, also known as smog, has been cut down by 25 percent. Sulfur dioxide has been cut down by 71 percent and nitrogen dioxide has been cut down by 46 percent. These two are the main toxins that are found in acid rain. Reduction in the lead content in gas has also shown a significant decrease.

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