Disease: Typ Type 2 Diabetes

Better Essays
Diabetes is a disease where sugar levels increase drastically due to the lack of insulin production or incorrect response, which usually converts glucose into energy. Diabetes affects multiple organ systems, including the digestive system, endocrine, immune, muscular/skeletal, nervous, and excretory. During digestion, when food enters the first part of the small intestine, the pancreas is in charge of releasing enzymes, such as insulin, to assist in digesting the fat, protein, and carbohydrates present. Receptive cells in the small intestine detect macronutrients and as a result secrete hormones to alert the pancreas of the amount of insulin needed. The pancreas is also an integral part of the endocrine system where it regulates blood sugar levels. …show more content…
In addition, for Type 2 diabetes, the insulin resistance is due to the high levels of cytokines, which are released during body inflammation. The response to inflammation leads to fat cells being resistant to insulin and these cells release acids in the blood causing high cholesterol. Diabetes can also affect movement by destroying nerves in the extremities, or a lack of glucose in the muscles, and weakening the bones. The high blood glucose levels damage blood vessels where the nerves retrieve nutrients. Without these nutrients, nerves are destroyed. Similarly, the kidneys are also victims of diabetes, each kidney is made up of tiny blood vessels called nephrons, which interlink with a tube to keep, for example, proteins or red blood cells or allow waste products to pass through. Excess glucose can cause kidneys to filter out a lot, which is the reason for excessive

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Diabetes Type 2 Lab Report

    • 1271 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Glucose measuring devices such as finger-stick devices are not accurate enough for diagnosis but may be used as a quick indicator of high blood glucose. Signs and Symptoms of diabetes may include, frequent urination. Your body gathers the excess glucose that was not successfully broken down with insulin, and turns it into a waste product and is expelled from your body in urine. Since this may cause more of an output than input, the person may be at risk for…

    • 1271 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Insulin is essential in converting food to energy. Diabetes a disorder that affects how the body produce’s insulin either insufficient insulin, or no insulin. Consequently, this causes the sugar in your blood to rise and lower abnormally. Diabetes comes with several unwanted symptoms like constant urination, and exhaustion. Throughout…

    • 1357 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

    • 1879 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Hyperglycemia is when the blood sugar is greater than 250 mg/dl. When the sugar in the body is high they body tries to lower it by producing insulin so that the glucose can go into the cell instead of floating around the blood. This can occur if not enough insulin was given, if you didn’t exercise enough, or stress can all increase the sugar levels in the blood. Symptoms of hyperglycemia include high blood glucose, high sugar in the urine, frequent urination and thirst. Failing to treat can lead to ketoacidosis better known as a diabetic coma, which develops when your body doesn’t have enough insulin.…

    • 1879 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    7 Some factors that cause diabetes type 2 is genetic susceptibility, obesity and physical inactivity, insulin, abnormal glucose production by liver, the roles of insulin and glucagon in normal blood glucose regulation, metabolic syndrome and beta cell dysfunction.7 Having genetic susceptibility like having certain genes or combination of genes may increase you to have diabetes type 2. Obesity and physical inactivity as being overweight and not exercising and increase you to have diabetes type 2. Due to the fact of an unbalance between caloric intake and physical inactivity therefore it leads to obesity and cause the insulin resistance. 7 The insulin resistance is cause by the adnominal fat, muscle and liver cells to stop responding to insulin the proper way which forces the pancreas to compensate by producing more insulin in your body. 7 Abnormal glucose production by liver cause diabetes type 2 because when the blood glucose and insulin are high after a meal the glucagon level drops but with people with diabetes type 2 the glucagon level stays high.…

    • 2087 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Essay On Blood Sugar

    • 498 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Glucagon is produced in the alpha cells, and insulin is produced in the so-called islet (beta-cells). Both cell types were found in the pancreas. Different types of disorders can cause damage to the pancreas, which affects the production of insulin negatively. This leads to an elevated concentration of glucose in the blood and the consequence is a disorder of the metabolic process. The most common and significant metabolic disorder is diabetes.…

    • 498 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    So what is diabetes and how can you prevent this disease? Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. The pancreas is supposed to release insulin. The insulin is very important because it allows glucose to go into the cells in the body. Insulin acts as the key that opens up the cells so the…

    • 1643 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This happens when the person cannot create or supply enough insulin (which is needed for the cells to absorb the glucose for proper function or muscle and other tissues). Without this energy, the body begins to utilize fat storage as an alternate way to use energy. When fat is broken down, ketones are released as they are a byproduct of the destruction of fat. These ketones are toxic acids that can lead to a Diabetic Ketoacidodic state, if not controlled and reversed. The signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include frequent urination, excessive thirst, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, fatigue and weakness, confusion, shortness of breath, and most notably fruity scented breath.…

    • 1424 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Type 2 Diabetes Papers

    • 974 Words
    • 4 Pages

    (Association, 2005-2014) Diabetic ketoacidosis is a condition that can easily turn into a diabetic coma, or even death. DKA occurs when the cells don’t get the glucose they need, they begin to burn fat in your body for energy, producing ketones. Ketones are acids that build up in the bloodstream and can appear in urine when your body doesn’t have enough insulin. This is developed in patients with type one diabetes, and is rare in people with type 2. The warning signs for DKA are Thirst or a very dry mouth, frequent urination, high blood sugar and high level of ketones in the urine.…

    • 974 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Additionally, the excess mucus produced blocks ducts of insulin, leading to a unique form of diabetes. (Genetics Home Reference) While the lung cells are not able to last as long as normal, pneumonia and bronchitis can arise as additional symptoms, along with greasy stool and salty-tasting skin. (Genetics Disorders Library) As said before, Cystic Fibrosis has an effect on an individual’s sweat glands. Too much salt is lost in the sweat; as a result, the delicate balance of minerals in the body can be disrupted. The loss of too much salt can also lead to abnormal heart rhythms.…

    • 1584 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Diabetes is a long term disease that occurs when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin to help sugar break down effectively. Sugars in the blood are turned into glucose when the body is working properly. The glucose travels through the blood stream and turns it into energy. Otherwise, if the pancreas doesn’t regularly produce insulin, that causes the first complications to the body. Furthermore, the irregularity can result in severe problems with every organ carried inside the human body.…

    • 1010 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays