Disease: Typ Type 2 Diabetes

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Diabetes is a disease where sugar levels increase drastically due to the lack of insulin production or incorrect response, which usually converts glucose into energy. Diabetes affects multiple organ systems, including the digestive system, endocrine, immune, muscular/skeletal, nervous, and excretory. During digestion, when food enters the first part of the small intestine, the pancreas is in charge of releasing enzymes, such as insulin, to assist in digesting the fat, protein, and carbohydrates present. Receptive cells in the small intestine detect macronutrients and as a result secrete hormones to alert the pancreas of the amount of insulin needed. The pancreas is also an integral part of the endocrine system where it regulates blood sugar levels. …show more content…
In addition, for Type 2 diabetes, the insulin resistance is due to the high levels of cytokines, which are released during body inflammation. The response to inflammation leads to fat cells being resistant to insulin and these cells release acids in the blood causing high cholesterol. Diabetes can also affect movement by destroying nerves in the extremities, or a lack of glucose in the muscles, and weakening the bones. The high blood glucose levels damage blood vessels where the nerves retrieve nutrients. Without these nutrients, nerves are destroyed. Similarly, the kidneys are also victims of diabetes, each kidney is made up of tiny blood vessels called nephrons, which interlink with a tube to keep, for example, proteins or red blood cells or allow waste products to pass through. Excess glucose can cause kidneys to filter out a lot, which is the reason for excessive

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