Essay On Blood Sugar

Good Essays
Blood sugar

Why test his blood sugar level?
Some diseases, such as diabetes, can cause damage to the pancreas, which affects insulin production negatively. The symptoms are often very weak. Many people may have the disease for a long time without knowing of it, and most have no symptoms at all. With this test, you will quickly find out if you have an elevated blood sugar level, which can be a sign of diabetes. The faster the disease down the faster the right treatment.

How is the test procedure to?
The test is based on an enzymatic reaction, which means that special dyes activated and causes a color change in proportion to the glucose content in the blood. The test must be done on an empty stomach and go to so that you take a simple finger
…show more content…
In a healthy person, the concentration of glucose between 4 and 6 mmol / L, fasting. The concentration of glucose in the blood is controlled primarily by the hormones insulin and glucagon. When we have eaten triggers insulin liver, muscle and fat cells to increase their uptake of glucose causing the blood sugar lowering. When blood sugar is low, it is glucagon that affects the liver and muscles so that they release a portion of the glucose they gathered up. Glucagon is produced in the alpha cells, and insulin is produced in the so-called islet (beta-cells). Both cell types were found in the pancreas. Different types of disorders can cause damage to the pancreas, which affects the production of insulin negatively. This leads to an elevated concentration of glucose in the blood and the consequence is a disorder of the metabolic process. The most common and significant metabolic disorder is diabetes. People with diabetes produce too little insulin and therefore can not maintain stable blood sugar levels. People with diabetes may need help through medication, insulin syringes or changes in the diet to maintain proper blood sugar levels.

What are the risks of high blood sugar?
Elevated blood glucose levels may be a sign that you are suffering from diabetes. If you have high blood sugar for a long time can damage blood vessels. This may sometimes lead to heart attack, stroke or injury to the

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Having diabetes type 2 means that your body in not able to use insulin the properly way. Mostly, diabetes 2 often has no symptoms at first. For some people they many not show any symptoms over the years. But some signs and symptoms some people have are excessive thirst, eye blurred vision, rapid weight loss, breath smells like acetone, respiratory problems like deep and labored breathing pattern, gastric problems like nausea and vomiting, urinary problems and fatigue. 5 Also, other symptoms can be pain or numbness in the feet or hands, bladder, kidneys, skin problems.…

    • 2087 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    So what is diabetes and how can you prevent this disease? Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. The pancreas is supposed to release insulin. The insulin is very important because it allows glucose to go into the cells in the body. Insulin acts as the key that opens up the cells so the…

    • 1643 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Diabetes Type 2 Lab Report

    • 1271 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Diabetes type 2 is a chronic condition in which insulin does not respond to high glucose levels in the blood. The insulin produced in the body has a resistance to the glucose. The pancreas may still produce insulin, but the insulin does not have the usual effect on cells. Diabetes affects people when there are high blood glucose levels, which lead to damage of blood vessels. This can lead to several complications including heart disease, kidney damage, nerve damage, eye damage and can cause blindness.…

    • 1271 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    One of the acute complications is abnormal increase in blood glucose level. As discussed by Funk (2010), when the amount of glucose in blood exceeds the ability of kidney to reuptake, there is excess glucose that escapes the reabsorption and remains in the urine. The presence of glucose in the urine increases the osmotic pressure resulting in osmotic diuresis that is clinically presented as polyuria. Diabetic ketoacidosis is another acute complication of diabetes mellitus. It is the hallmark of type 1 diabetes and it is usually occured in previously undiagnosed diabetes (Anderson & Gale, 2009), in which the insulin deficiency favours the pathway of ketone bodies production that will eventually decreases the serum pH level and when the condition gets worse, the patient falls into coma state (Funk, 2010).…

    • 1364 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Diabetes mellitus is a growing epidemic that severely affects the overall health of the body. Diabetes is the failure of the pancreas hormone insulin to manage blood glucose adequately. In the article “Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments.” Markus McGill states that “Insulin is a hormone that is produced in the pancreas” (MacGill.1). , which helps regulate the release of glucose in the blood and muscles. Insulin is essential in converting food to energy.…

    • 1357 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    One potentially life threatening complication is diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). “DKA is a state of absolute or relative insulin deficiency aggravated by ensuing hyperglycemia, dehydration, and acidosis-producing derangements in intermediary metabolism. The most common causes are underlying infection, disruption of insulin treatment, and new onset of diabetes” (Hamdy, 2014). DKA is characterized by blood glucose of higher than 300 mg/dL resulting in the breakdown of fat for the body to use for energy causing an accumulation of ketones in the blood and urine. The patient may have an altered mental status, fruity smelling breath, fever, chills, abdominal pain, coughing and chest pain.…

    • 2015 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

    • 1879 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from lack of insulin, the insulin produced is ineffective, or both. There are three types of diabetes mellitus: type 1 known as insulin dependent mellitus, which is the pancreas not producing insulin. Type 2 known as non-insulin dependent mellitus, which is the pancreas is able to produce some insulin but the cells are rejecting it. Gestational diabetes which is manifested during pregnancy. Within these three different types of diabetes type 1 is autoimmune and type 2 is usually found in obese people over 40 years old.…

    • 1879 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    For glucose to be used as energy it needs to enter the cells of the body, this is done by insulin. When blood sugar levels go up, the pancreas releases its insulin and regulates the blood sugar level. Response to decrease of glucose in the body: Hypoglycemia is the medical term for low blood sugar levels. A Hypoglycemia reaction is caused by increased demand for glucose. The body could "run out" glucose faster, therefore bringing a hypoglycemic attack.…

    • 701 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In medical examinations, blood test will also show that the person has high sugar levels. Many of the time not everyone’s body will receive the same symptoms. Some people may not even receive any at all, that is why if you are feeling your body different, it is important to consult a doctor about it. Several effects have been found to be a cause of diabetes. It puts many parts of the body in risk of becoming affected.…

    • 1010 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Insulin And Glycogen Essay

    • 1240 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Glucagon on the other does the opposite of insulin by acting to bring up blood glucose level when it is low. Glucagon is created by alpha cells in the pancreas. It is activated when there is a decrease in the blood glucose level during the fasting phase of metabolism. After being released from the pancreas by the alpha cell, glycogen travels to the liver to break apart the glycogen to glucose. This uprise in glucose molecule will eventually bring up your blood glucose level to its normal range.…

    • 1240 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays