Type 2 Diabetes Type 1 Research Paper

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Diabetes is a condition in which the body’s levels of blood sugar and the hormone insulin are out of balance. It is one of the most common diseases in the United States, and its numbers are constantly rising. There are three main forms of diabetes. Type 1, in which the body does not make enough insulin, Type 2, in which the body does not make enough insulin or it doesn’t use the insulin properly, and Gestational which occurs only during pregnancy. Type one diabetes is when the body does not make enough insulin. People usually have type one because they are born with it and is passed down through genes of a family member. My oldest brother has type one diabetes, and was diagnosed at the age of nine. When my brother first found out he had diabetes …show more content…
This develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin. The reason most people have type two diabetes is because they are overweight and have very little activity in their life. Tests doctors do to determine if someone has type two diabetes include Glycated hemoglobin test (A1C), random blood sugar test, fasting blood sugar test, and oral glucose tolerance test. The A1C test indicates someone’s average blood sugar level over the past two to three months. Which measures the percentage of the blood sugar attached to the hemoglobin. If the A1C level is 6.5 or higher this indicates diabetes. Random blood sugar test are when a doctor takes a blood sample at a random time. If the blood sugar is 200 mg/dL or higher than that is how doctors know someone has diabetes. Fasting blood sugar tests is when a sample of blood will be taken after an overnight fast. 100 to 125 mg/dL is considered prediabetes and 126 mg/dL or higher on two separate test they have diabetes. An oral glucose test is when someone fasts overnight and the fasting blood sugar level is measure. Then the doctor will have you drink something sugary and will check the blood sugar for the next two hours. A reading more than 200 mg/dL after two hours indicates diabetes. Some things that may be a risk to someone to have type two diabetes is family history, race, age, prediabetes and more. People may think how come race and age are a part of this, what do they have to do with type two diabetes? Well race, people are uncertain why only certain races have type two. But the races that can have it more than whites are, blacks, Hispanics, American Indians, and Asian American’s. Age comes into this because the chances of someone having type two increases as they get older especially after they are forty-five. The reason being is because people tend

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