Type 1 Diabetes Case Studies

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Diabetes is a group of diseases that are caused by a problem with the hormone insulin. The pancreas, found behind the stomach would normally release insulin to help regulate the blood sugar in your body from the foods you eat. Diabetes can occur when the pancreas produces very little to no insulin. Also, diabetes can be when the body does not respond to insulin called insulin resistance. A form of diabetes can happen during pregnancy and even pre diabetes can occur in the body.
There is a case with a girl named Hannah and Type 1 Diabetes. Hannah is a 10-year-old girl who has recently been diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. She is a 4th grade student at Hendricks Elementary School. Prior to her diagnosis, Hannah was very involved
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Type 1 Diabetes, in which Hannah has been diagnosed with; Type 2 Diabetes, gestational diabetes and prediabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is a chronic condition in which the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or no insulin at all. Type 1 Diabetes is also known as Juvenile Diabetes. Although type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, it usually appears at two peaks. The first peak usually occurs in children between 4 and 7 years old, and the second is in children between 10 and 14 years old (webmd.com). There is no cure for Type 1 Diabetes, but it is treatable. There is also no known cause but most people with type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses but it mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, causing the lack of insulin distributed throughout the body. Some symptoms of type 1 diabetes, in which Hannah may suffer from, include, but not limited to, increased thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, hunger a fatigue. Diagnosis for type 1 diabetes would be a medical examination, laboratory testing, blood work and …show more content…
Unfortunately, type 2 diabetes is a common condition and affects more than 3 million people per year (webmd.com). Type 2 diabetes is treatable but not curable. Some symptoms of type 2 diabetes is excessive hunger, increased thirst, fatigue, blurred vision, poor wound healing, frequent urination and weight gain. Hannah is at higher risk, because of her type1 diabetes diagnosis, to develop type 2 diabetes in her adult life. In order to diagnose type 2 diabetes, a medical consultation and examination is recommended. Once seen by a doctor, a variation of testing would be done, such as blood and laboratory work and possibility of imaging. If diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, treatment options vary from oral medication, injections, or both in combination. A few oral medications of choice would be Glipizide (Glucotrol), Glimepiride (Amaryl), Metformin (Glucophage), and/or Glyburide/Metformin (Glucovance) (diabetes.org). Injections of choice by most physicians are Insulin detemir (Levemir), Insulin lispro (Humalog), Insulin, Insulin glargine (Lantus) and Exenatide (Byetta) (diabetes.org). Regular visits to a primary care physician and/or/ endocrinologist is recommended. A referral to a nutritionist may be given to provide healthy diet options to control type 2

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