Essay on Traumatic Brain Injury And Injuries
November 11, 2014
Traumatic Brain Injury Explanation: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is an impairment that occurs when there is “a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain” (CDC - Traumatic Brain Injury - Injury Center). There are two major types of TBI, penetrating injuries and closed head injuries (Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)). Penetrating injuries are caused by physical objects actually entering the brain, breaking the skull. With closed head injuries, a blow to the head occurs; however, the skull remains intact. Traumatic brain injury causes damage to the brain as a result of swelling due to increased fluid, lack of oxygen, bruising of the brain, infection, intracranial pressure from tissue swelling, death of tissue from deprived blood supply, and focal bleeding. TBI is different from other injuries, because it not only affects a person physically, but it also affects a person’s personality and cognitive abilities. The symptoms of a brain injury may not become evident until some time has passed after the injury; nevertheless, that is not to say that sometimes the symptoms do appear right away.
Causation: Traumatic brain injury can happen to people of all ages and has become a leading cause of death and disability. More than 1,500,000 Americans suffer from a traumatic brain disorder every year (Aarabi & Simard, 2009, p. 548-553). There are about 230,000…