Three Levels Of Health Promotion Prevention In Nursing Practice

1455 Words 6 Pages
The Three Levels of Health Promotion Prevention in Nursing Practice
Maylen Rodriguez
Grand Canyon University
NRS – 429 V
September 14, 2014

The Three Levels of Health Promotion Prevention in Nursing Practice The three levels of health prevention involves; primary, secondary, and tertiary. These levels are related to the normal disease process, and are a key element to nurses when creating a care plan for a client. In the book Health Promotion Throughout the Life Span the author mentions, “within the three levels of promotion, there five steps. These steps include health promotion and specific protection (primary prevention); early diagnosis, prompt treatment, and disability limitation (secondary prevention); and restoration and
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“Primary prevention intervention includes health promotion, such as health education about a risk factors for heart disease, and specific protection, such as immunization against hepatitis B” (Edelman 2014). Nurses can promote health by educating communities and advocating to implement policies that will benefit the individual’s health. How is health promotion defined? Well, health promotion has a variety of definitions which includes: “O’Donnell (1987, p.4) has defined health promotion as ‘the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health’ Kreuter and Devore (1980) proposed a more complex definition in a paper commissioned by the U.S Public Health Service. They stated that health promotion is ‘the process of advocating health in order to enhance the probability that personal (individual, family, and community), private (personal, and business), and public (federal, state, and local government) support of positive health practices will become a societal norm’ (Kreuter & Devore, 1980, p. 26)” (Edelman, …show more content…
“The responsibility of the nurse is to ensure that person with disabilities receive services that enable them to live and work according to the resources that are still available to them” (Edelman, 2014). An example of this is promoting the influenza vaccination to cancer patient where the flu is a viral infection that affects the respiratory system and for cancer patients could be deadly. The article Important vaccines used as tools for tertiary prevention in oncology patients mentions the importance of vaccination as tertiary prevention to cancer patients “In oncology patients, infection by influenza could be a serious problem. It is proposed that the oncology patients might have increased risk of serious clinical outcomes if they are afflicted with influenza. The influenza vaccination is recommended for oncology patients. The first recommendation was made by a gynecologist. This was for the tertiary prevention in a patient with uterine cancer. It is proven that patients getting vaccinated had a significant longer survival period” (Wiwanitkit V, 2010). Working with oncology clients one can see just how their life deteriorates day by day, and if there is even one thing that could extend their survival rate why not encourage them to try

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