Theories of Learning and How They Can Be Used to Inform Practice in the Classroom.
Lev Vygotsky was a Russian psychologist who lived from 1896 to 1934. He was widely involved in developing the education program of the emerging Soviet Union. At the time of his death, his theory was not known outside of the Soviet Union because it was repressed. During his life, he created a completely new and scientific approach to psychology, which did not become publicised in the West until 1962. (Hausfather, 1996)
Vygotsky’s work later …show more content…
Scaffolding often means doing some of the work for the student who isn't quite ready to accomplish a task independently. Scaffolding is a temporary supportive structure that the teacher creates to assist a student to accomplish a task that they could not complete alone. During the learning process scaffolding can be gradually dismantled or erected as required. Reciprocal teaching is an instructional strategy used to teach reading where students take turns being the teacher for a pair or small group. The teacher’s role may simply be to clarify or ask questions. Guided instruction involves the teacher and students exploring problems and then sharing their different problem solving strategies in an open dialogue (Hausfather, 1996).
Vygotsky’s theories can be used to inform practice in the classroom by changing the physical layout of the classroom. The workspaces should be “clustered” so that the pupils can easily collaborate. The content and design of material to be learned also needs