Theories And Treatments Of Sigmund Freud's Pychodynamic Theory

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Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) proposed the psychodynamic theory. The term 'psychodynamic' symbolises the active forces within our personality that influences our behaviour. Freud believed there was often a mental conflict hidden in our unconscious mind and that mental illness arises from unresolved, conscious conflicts. He coined the term psychoanalysis (1896) to explain his theories and treatments for curing mental problems of his patients. The psychodynamic approach emphasises the significance of the unconscious mind and early childhood experiences.
Freud described the mind using an analogy known as the iceberg. Freud stated "The mind is like an iceberg; it floats with one-seventh of its bulk above water". He said there was three parts of the
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Often if a traumatic event occurred, it would be repressed into the unconscious part of the mind, which could possibly lead to mental health problems. Since the unconscious remains inaccessible, the only way issues can be recognised is through the symptom's that are in the conscious. The focus then being to make unconscious memories conscious again, to free the repressed memories to relieve mental pain. Freuds treatments were often used to treat anxiety or depression, as well as provide an explanation for a mental illness. Freud believed it was essential to access repressed feelings as repressed emotions build up and show themselves in other ways such as in drug and alcohol abuse, anxiety, depression, anger or eating …show more content…
Psychoanalysis was created as a result of the psychodynamic model of abnormality. This model states that a person's abnormal behaviour is a direct result of repressed conflict or trauma. The method was, the patient would lie on a couch, Freud would remain out of sight and whilst his patient was talking, he would listen for any clues to obtain the source of the patient's internal conflicts to make the unconscious, repressed thoughts conscious again, thus to be able to identify the cause and the root to the behaviour and understand it. The psychodynamic approach also uses dream analysis; he claimed that every dream represents a wish fulfilment. So the unconscious, he says, sends messages to our conscious mind in code. "The interpretation of dreams is the royal road to knowledge of the unconscious activities of the mind", stated Freud. Also, in therapy Freud used free association and transference. In free association the patient is given a word then invited to respond with the first word that came into their mind. He believed this approach allowed the unconscious to flow through automatically, and the use of transference is where the patient describes a situation where desires, feelings and expectations of one person are redirected and applied to another person, therefor the person in therapy may apply certain feelings or

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