Grant's War Of Attrition Strategy

820 Words 4 Pages
Grant’s war of exhaustion strategy replaced the former war of attrition strategy. He considered exhaustion to be the route to victory. The Union would have to destroy the enemy’s economic resources until they could no longer support their armies. This strategy also included physical and psychological warfare against the civilians to destroy their will to resist surrender. This strategy was mainly aimed at southern civilian and soldier morale. Grant’s strategy included a simultaneous Union advance on five fronts, penetrating the Confederacy as fast as possible. Sherman is considered the best example in implementing Grant’s strategy. He understood Grant’s plan for him to destroy the resources of the enemy, and keep them so busy that they could …show more content…
This win was a result of Sherman taking the city of Atlanta, and also Union victories at Mobile Bay and Shenandoah Valley. These wins helped gain the northern support for backing the war effort, and also won Lincoln’s reelection.
3. The war of exhaustion impacted both the Confederate military and also southern civilians. The Union put fear into the citizens by burning, robbing, and plundering their property. This in turn affected the Confederate military. Soldiers would begin to receive letters from home about how the men were needed. There was an evangelical revival that would encourage the southern men’s spirits, but for the most part the Union’s actions wore down the Confederate man pool and morale. There was a shortage of food, supplies, and a severe economic dislocation present in the South.
4. Caldwell and his brigade faced different challenges and concerns while at Spotsylvania. The weather gave them the biggest problem. The rain they experienced was quite heavy, and it turned the fields softs and muddy, and in some areas the mud became knee-deep. The rain had also filled the trenches with water, and the wounded or dead men would be in the water, their blood turning the water crimson, in no way encouraging the men. The land also gave the men difficulties. Thick growth was everywhere, and the men could not determine where the enemy fire was coming from, or in what force. It caused the men to doubt how far they
…show more content…
Major General Patrick Cleburne and President Jefferson Davis both advocated emancipation. Cleburne’s proposal suggested training the most courageous slaves to fight and then guarantee them freedom. Jefferson Davis proposed that the government purchase forty thousand slaves, and train them to be military laborers with the promise of eventual freedom. Confederate general-in-chief Robert E. Lee and secretary of state Judah P. Benjamin also endorsed emancipation for the slaves and their families. Cleburne advocated emancipation because he saw that slavery was already dying as a casualty of the war. He said that slavery was one of their strengths, but it also became their greatest weakness. Professor Frederick Porcher told Benjamin that if they did not emancipate the slaves, then they would eventually become controlled by them. They felt that if they emancipated the salves, then they could still control the slave’s outcome politically and

Related Documents