The Vietnam War Essay

1499 Words Aug 31st, 2012 6 Pages
The Undeclared War Known as Vietnam
Akilah K. Berry
History 105
Professor Joseph Krulder
American Intercontinental University

The Vietnam War is considered the longest war. It can also be known as the unnecessary war, the war we lost, and an unofficial war. This war demonstrated to the world that the United States of America will defend its beliefs by any means necessary. It unified yet divided it’s own nation while focusing on the conflict at hand.

Despite the fact the US Congress never officially declare war, the most decisive (excluding the Civil War) and America’s longest war is known as The Vietnam War. Around 1950, in efforts to protect the Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia known as the French Empire in Indochina the US
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Kennedy’s efforts to increase the presence of Americans in order to demonstrate his commitment to the preservation of the RVN. Buzzanco (2010) wrote that by 1963, the United States was deeply involved in Vietnam and by that November, when both Diem and Kennedy were assassinated, it was on the verge of a major commitment.
Lyndon B. Johnson’s assumption of the presidency was dedicated to the continuation of Pres. Kennedy’s Vietnamese policies and the protection of the RVN for both internal and external “enemies”. In the middle of 1964 Pres. Johnson received Congress’s permission to protect the RNV by “all necessary measures” after northern Vietnamese torpedo boats allegedly attacked US ships in the Gulf of Tonkin. American soldiers poured into Vietnam and unleashed Operation Rolling Thunder, (the largest sustained bombing campaign in warfare’s history), artillery attacks of the villages of Vietnam, established “free fire” zones (any Vietnamese was a potential target), carried out countryside search and destroy missions, and helped set up a series of authoritarian governments (Buzzanco,2010). In the time between Diem’s assassination and the arrival of US ground troops in March 1965, there were over a dozen of those governments established. The war was characterized as a vitally important competition between Communism (represented war opponents), North Vietnam, and the Vet Congo by then, foreign policy makers of the US. It was also viewed as a Vietnamese civil

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