Health Promotion Model

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Introduction

The Holistic Model defines health as a state of complete physical, social, spiritual and mental hauroa (Davies, 2013). Health Promotion is one of the five-core functions of public health in New Zealand (Davies, 2013). The process of health promotion is to facilitate people, to increase control over, and to improve their overall health and wellbeing (Green & Raeburn, 1998). Health promotion does not focus merely on the individual but moves beyond to focus on a range of environmental and social interventions (World Health Organization, 2004). Health promotion practice has an important and specialised role in society, to maintain and improve health. According to Green and Tones (2010), the core values: equity; social justice; interdependence;
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This public document has been established for those interested in addressing social determinants of health in order to reduce inequities and promote positive health (Stafford, 2008). Promotion Health Equity has created a “Learning From Doing” forum, which includes 9 community initiatives aimed to address inequalities (Brennan Ramirez et al., 2008). Another example of a large-scale international community initiative is “New deal for communities” initiative. This ten-year initiative attempts to reduce inequities by designing a national strategy for neighborhood renewal (NSNR) with the overall outcome to reconstruct a local socioeconomic environment in order to create healthy communities (Brennan Ramirez et al., 2008). Communities, voluntary organisations, local authorities, business and the government are working together to target 39 of the most deprived communities in the United Kingdom. This initiative aims to improve the current inequities such as unemployment, education, health and crime levels and to bridge the gap between the poorer and richer suburbs in the UK (Stafford, 2008). By improving the physical environment in which they live in, such as, better facilities for arts, sports and cultural events, they hope to directly reduce the inequities that are caused by racism, poverty or an unhealthy physical environment (Brennan Ramirez et al., 2008). The overall aim of this strategy is to close the gaps of inequality with the rest of the country and to achieve a holistic change with the help of the community (Stafford,

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