The Trail Of Tears Research Paper

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The Trail of Tears
Introduction
The Trail of Tears was a 1000-2000 mile journey that five tribes had to walk in order to get to their designated land that Andrew Jackson called “Indian Territory.” The Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, and Seminoles, were forced out of their homelands, not given any other option but to leave, or be killed trying to stay in their home where you made memories with families and friends. The trail was where thousands of people died from horrible sicknesses, starvation, and the harsh weather. The Trail of Tears, the migration of the Native Americans, is an important event in history because it created understanding of what the Native Americans had to go through, it commemorated their journey, and helps
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It did not allow the president or anyone else to force the Native nations to follow his rules, because they had their own government (Ellis, Jerry). However, President Jackson generally ignored the law and forced troops into the Cherokees’ land to stop them from mining and told them they couldn’t testify against the white men, and they must follow the law of the white men. A principal Chief of the cherokees, named John Ross hired a famous lawyer to bring the case to the Supreme Court. The court ruled that Jackson 's laws were illegal, and he had to get the troops out of every single tribe 's land (Bealer, Alex W.) . However Andrew Jackson ignored what the Supreme Court said and in the winter of 1831, under threat of a raid by the U.S. Army, the Choctaw became the first nation to be dislodged from their land altogether. They made the long and treacherous journey to Indian territory on foot some “marched in a consecutive line while being bound in chains,” one historian writes, and the natives would go without any food, supplies or help from the government. Thousands of people died on the journey. It was one Choctaw leader who told an Alabama newspaper it was a “trail of tears and death” (History). In 1834, John Ross and other traditionalists opposed giving up their land. Another leader of the Cherokees, Major Ridge, believed that the natives would move or die fighting the more vigorous Americans. So, he went to Washington and negotiated a treaty that would sell all Cherokee lands for $5 million ( History), and they would get compensation for lost property (Trail). It was signed by about 100 Cherokees known as the Treaty Party. Many of the Cherokees felt betrayed, but to the government it was already a done

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