The Trafficking Of Human Trafficking Essay
The United Nations defines human trafficking as ”the recruitment, transport and receipt of people across borders by improper means for an improper purpose, such as forced labor or sexual exploitation." Human trafficking generates about 32 billion dollars each year and is the third largest source of illegal trade, behind guns and narcotics.
Human trafficking has a traumatic effect on the mental, emotional and physical health of men, women, and children who are victimized. Beyond the physical abuse, many victims suffer extreme emotional stress, shame, grief, fear, and distrust. They are often deprived of food and sleep and are unable to move around freely.
In 2000, the Trafficking Victims Protection Act was passed. This Act allows the United States to compel other countries to improve their anti-trafficking efforts and requires the State Department to assemble an annual Trafficking in Persons Report on global efforts against human trafficking. Countries are currently placed into four tiers based on how their governments combat human trafficking, with Tier 1 being the highest and Tier 3 being the lowest rating.
The most serious and controversial penalty for Tier 3 countries is the U.S Government-issued sanction. Governments of Tier 3 countries can be subject to sanctions, meaning the U.S can refuse to send or provide different types of assistance.…