Essay about The Suicide Prevention Techniques And Effectiveness

2182 Words Dec 11th, 2016 9 Pages
Death is an unavoidable fact; everyone will die, and no one has the absolute power to choose how they will die. There are many potential causes of death, some more likely than others; the sole exception to the choosing death clause is also the tenth most common cause of preventable death in the United States: suicide. Fortunately, suicide is a preventable cause of death; suicide prevention is a growing industry in mental healthcare and a popular cause for all people. This paper will address the question of the suicide prevention techniques and effectiveness in terms of an approach known as Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR). Suicide is broadly defined as death caused by self-injury with the intent to die (Office of the Surgeon General). The phenomenon of suicide is inextricably linked to mental disorders such as depression; a mental health diagnosis of an affective disorder is a strong risk factor for suicidal ideation and attempts. Additionally, approximately 25%-30% of all people that attempt suicide will attempt suicide again at a later time, and subsequent suicide attempts are more likely to be fatal. Additionally, men are more likely to die by suicide, but women are more likely to attempt suicide (American Psychological Association). Surprisingly, however, a mental health diagnosis is not the strongest predictor; many people who attempt suicide do not currently have or do not posthumously qualify for a mental health diagnosis. The strongest predictor of suicide attempts…

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