Essay on The State Of Nature And Absolutism

1491 Words Mar 23rd, 2016 6 Pages
To maintain and control power, those who possess authority must make decisions in unity with society to prevent power from corrupting society. Thomas Hobbes believes in the state of nature, a condition where there is no civil authority. Hobbes also has the theory of absolutism, which is the idea the sovereign has absolute power over society which cannot be challenged by the citizens. Using Andrew Bailey’s First Philosophy: Second Edition I will explain Hobbes’ ideas of both the state of nature and absolutism. I will argue that it is possible to agree with Hobbes about what life is like in the state of nature while disagreeing with him about the all-powerful sovereign?

Hobbes’ theory of the state of nature is the idea of life without government or civil laws. The state of nature refers to a pre-historic time, where there is no government capable of imposing order in society (Bailey, 176). Hobbes has seven claims in the state of nature. Hobbes states that people in this state are equal by nature, which equality produces fear and fear leads to war, which leads to pre-emptive strikes against neighbors. Pre-emptive strikes occur because there is no head to regulate society, therefore individuals commit acts to prevent others from doing an unwanted act. Hobbes also states there are three principle cases of “quarrel”: competition for resources, fear and glory. He also thinks in a state of nature nothing, is unjust and the problem with the state of nature, there is no…

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