The Second Subsystem Of Appraisal Essay

935 Words Nov 14th, 2016 4 Pages
The second subsystem of appraisal, graduation, deals with the gradability of the attitudinal meanings and evaluative expressions. The degree of the evaluation can be increased or decreased according to intensity or force (e.g., I’m slightly worried), and prototypicality or focus (e.g., A genuine apology). The third subsystem, engagement, is concerned with intersubjectivity and dialogism through expressing the perspectives and relationships of alignment and rapport between speakers/writers and their audience and how they position themselves accordingly. Engagement distinguishes between monoglossic statements or ‘bare assertions’ (e.g., This government has a long history of corruption), and heteroglossic statements (i.e., the recognition of other voices and opinions; e.g., Several studies suggest...). Heteroglossic statements are supplemented with engagement strategies that illustrate the interlocutors’ position in relation to alternative opinions. These strategies include: (1) disclaim (i.e., deny or counter), (2) proclaim (i.e., pronounce, endorse, or concur), (3) entertain (i.e., considering a proposition as subjective and a possibility among other propositions), and (4) attribute (i.e., acknowledge or distance).
Situating Appraisal in SFL
Appraisal theory is concerned with discourse at the semantic level; as such, Martin and White (2005) situated it within the interpersonal function of SFL. They associated the interpersonal system with two markers of social…

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