Semantics

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  • Semantic Theory: The Concept Of Reference Within Semantics

    The concept of reference within semantics is described as when ‘…speakers indicate which things in the world are being talked about’ (Hurford et al: 2007). In semantics, reference is important as it examines language through the meaning we attach words. Notions such as variable and constant reference are especially important. Other notions that are taken into account are opaque context and equative sentences. When speakers indicate what they are talking about through different expressions this information becomes important, as it becomes part of your wider knowledge of language. Finally, Ogden and Richards (1965) described the relationship between concept and object as ‘reference’; this is the most fitting description. Moreover, Semantic theory studies the meaning of language. Finnegan (1994) argued that one purpose of semantics is to differentiate between the different ways in which language ‘means’. There are many different types of referents: abstract, non-abstract, specific, non-specific, definite and non-definite. However, reference it is best described as ‘...the way speakers and hearers use…

    Words: 1293 - Pages: 6
  • Example Of Semantic Priming

    Semantic Priming Semantic priming is a common priming paradigm in many monolingual studies (Bleasdale, 1987; Ferrand & New, 2003; Neely et al., 1989; Perea & Rosa, 2002a, 2002b; Hutchison, 2003; Lucas, 2000; Neely, 1991), but is less common in cross-language priming (Duyck, 2005; Kroll & Stewart, 1990; Schoonbaert et al., 2007; Chen & Ng, 1989; de Groot & Nas, 1991; Keatley et al. 1994; Schwanenflugel & Rey 1986; Basnight-Brown & Altarriba, 2007). Semantic priming studies offer an investigation…

    Words: 1661 - Pages: 7
  • Semantic Memory

    The semantic memory refers to the area in the brain that allows one to be able to process ideas and concepts that are not typically associated with personal experiences. Semantic memory includes general knowledge, such as colors, sounds of letters and other common facts obtained over the span of the person’s life. For instance, semantic memory allows a person to store and retrieve information about what a cat is or to name an object when asked. Sentence Verification is an example of semantic…

    Words: 2475 - Pages: 10
  • Toyota's Case Study: Semantic Field And Hypyym

    Semantics is the study of how we construct and understand the meanings of words and groups of words (Denham and Lobeck, 2013). 1. SEMANTIC FIELDS AND HYPONYYM Semantic fields are classifications of words associated with their meanings (Denham & Lobeck, 2013). Since we are analyzing 2 different car advertisements, so the semantic field could possibly be CARS’ BRAND NAME. Under the field, we have two hyponyms which are Renault and Toyota. A hyponym is a word whose meaning is included, or…

    Words: 753 - Pages: 4
  • The Semantic Gap

    Overview of the Semantic Gap - What is it? The semantic gap is the difference between human perception of observations, activities, and objects and their computational or machine-based representations(). It is a split between high level features, or semantic information, and low-level features, of which there are many types. High-level features can include keywords, concepts, categories, or ontologies - virtually all things that lead to determining meanings of text-based information and…

    Words: 1894 - Pages: 8
  • Raskin's Theory Of Verbal Contexts

    Another theory is the one created by Raskin referred to as The Semantic Script Theory, which is a theory of verbal humour. In his theory the linguistic incongruity stresses the switching of context. According to Raskin (1985: 99) there is an “enriched, structured chunk of semantic information, associated with word meaning and evoked by specific words” called scripts. Those scripts are linked with each other forming semantic net-works (Attardo 1994: 201). Raskin highlights that in order to create…

    Words: 717 - Pages: 3
  • Qualitative And Quantitative Research

    to produce an association connection between the images and words. Following the experiment, the participants were given three assessments to determine their ability to recall the correct word associated with each image. The recall trial categories were free recall, cued recall, and recognition total. Free recall measured the total amount of words remembered by the participants. Next, the cued recall trial collected the data that measured the total number of correctly identified symbol names…

    Words: 1784 - Pages: 7
  • Verbal Aspect Analysis

    The simple present and the present progressive encode semantic meaning through a combination of devices. From general to specific, these semantic devices are: (a) nature of the specific verbal aspect, (b) inherent semantic properties of the verb, (c) aspectual classes of the verb, and (d) core meanings of the verb predicate. Below is the essence of each semantic device, presented in the order just mentioned. Nature of Verbal Aspect. Exploration of the nature of verbal aspect can be traced back…

    Words: 2252 - Pages: 10
  • Essay On Specific Language Impairment

    word finding, grammatical tense, etc) for children with SLI. The current study seeks to extend previous research in a broader context and aims to address the question; does phonological awareness intervention improve expressive language deficits in children with specific language impairment (SLI) better than semantic based intervention? To answer this question, 75 children ranging in age from five to seven years of age will receive randomized type of intervention (phonological awareness of…

    Words: 1626 - Pages: 7
  • Importance Of Grammar And Pragmatics

    social function of what is said) and perlocutionary meaning (the effect of what is said). John Searle (1976) claims the illocutionary act is “the minimal complete unit of human linguistic communication, and he introduces five types of illocutionary acts. Paul Grice (1975) proposes the four maxims that occur in our conversation. This research attempts to study pragmatic equivalence and speech act, focusing on the cooperative principle and Austin's locutionary, illocutionary and perlocutionary…

    Words: 2722 - Pages: 11
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