The Scientific Method Of Induction Essay example

2178 Words Jun 8th, 2016 9 Pages
Part B (4)

The scientific method has often been proclaimed as a naive method that uses an observation to generate a statement which is then generalised; extrapolated from what had been observed to what has not yet been observed. The statement is then tested to a certain extent. If it successfully dodges any failure, it is accepted as a true theory and henceforth, a justified belief. This is an inductive inference as it uses the past to predict future behaviours and serves as the justifying blocks of the Scientific reasoning. I will argue that induction cannot be a basis for justified true beliefs (Knowledge - certainty) as we haven 't come around any way for its justification. Moreover we will see how we can possibly justify the use of the scientific method using Popper’s Fallibilist approach.

Induction can be defined as a basic belief that is justified by inductive inference. In other words, we accept a belief as being true only because it has proven to be true in the past even though we have no certain means to show it will be true in the future. Let us consider how induction is used in the scientific method.
Generalisation : A proposed theory or argument is made true for all similar things. Example if a dog is colour blind, all dogs are colour blind.
Singular predictive inference: if a few tested species haven 't disproved the theory, then the future observed specimens will follow the theory rule. So, if Dog 1 is colour blind, Dog 2 is colour blind and dog 3 is colour…

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