The Role Of Parental Warmth On Parents ' Ways Of Expressing Affection

1122 Words Nov 15th, 2016 5 Pages
In general, parental warmth is related to parents’ ways of expressing affection. The expression can variate from physical contact, smiling, praise, positive encouragement and open communication. However, parents’ reasons and the precise way they do it can variate, as much of these aspects are highly infused with cultural meanings across different cultural settings. (Cheah, Li, Zhou, Yamamoto, & Leung, 2015). Thus, immigrant parents go through a constant negotiation between heritage, culture and mainstream culture, so both values and practices of the cultures are used to express warmth. European American mothers’ display an outward and more direct demonstration of warmth reflecting a Wester cultural focus, where Chinese immigrant mother’s display a nurturance and instrumental support reflecting a cultural emphasis (Cheah, Li, Zhou, Yamamoto, & Leung, 2015). The main parental display of affection is focused on verbal and physical expression, although it is also found symbolical expressions through nurturance, care, support, and comfort. Thus, cultural difference specifically in parents’ perceived level of expression rather than valuing of warmth.
Literature Review
Parental warmth has been found to be continuously associated with more positive outcomes in children, including better management of internal problems, and proper self-regulatory abilities among Western children. Chinese American adolescents perceived their parents as expressing love and affection toward them…

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