Essay The Revolutionary Movement Of India

1241 Words Oct 14th, 2014 5 Pages
India has had many revolutionaries in her pre-independence era. Out of these, M.N. Roy stood out as a communist. What made Roy unique was his fusion of communism and nationalism. A staunch communist, Roy met great political leaders of the world, like Lenin, was responsible for the creation of communist parties in India and Mexico and was a renowned political thinker and revolutionary.
Roy 's works were held in great regard. However, in the late 1930s, Roy suddenly changed his tracks from communism to humanism or more specifically, radical humanism which had a more philosophical outlook.
But what caused this transition? What incited Roy to try and combine philosophy and politics? The main objective of this essay is to understand why Roy chose to abandon communism and become critical of it, while adopting a more philosophical stance as a radical humanist.

The history of the world dictates that communism was an ideology that came into being to safeguard the interests of the working class and most importantly, prevent them from being exploited by their employers. This was the main motivation of the German economist Karl Marx. However Marx 's works were scrutinized and adopted to develop a political ideology which seemed very lucrative and also very different from the established order. It spoke of the abandonment of class distinctions, money and state, giving prime importance to collective ownership of the means of production.

Manbendra Nath Roy, then known as Narendra…

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