The Qualities Of A Substance Known As Acidic And Alkaline Essay

1284 Words Apr 25th, 2016 6 Pages
Introduction

The purpose of this experimental laboratory is to learn about the qualities of a substance known as acidic and alkaline. Our testing will be dealing with cooked red cabbage juice and household liquids that we will determine as either an acid or as a base. In addition to this, we will be mixing our determined acids and bases to understand a process called neutralization. Once our initial experiment is conducted we will attempt to reverse the development. The independent variables in this lab are the household liquids. The dependent variable is the red cabbage juice and water solution that will undergo a change after a household liquid is added. Our control will be a cup of untouched red cabbage juice and water, so we can distinguish the array of colors. Acids and Bases

All substances have properties like color, smell, density, etc. But substances also have a property of being either acidic or basic. A substance is determined to be an acid or a base based on its pH level. Both acids and bases undergo a process known as dissociation. Dissociation is the freeing of ions. Substances that free hydroxide ions are bases, and substances that free hydrogen ions are acids, but only when they are mixed with water. Acids are rich and plentiful in hydrogen ions. However, bases are low in hydrogen ions (Carboni…). Sometimes, there are strong acids that have a higher concentration of ions than other acidic substances, and the same goes for bases. This means…

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