The Purposes of Punishment Essay example

1425 Words Oct 14th, 2012 6 Pages
The purposes of punishment.
What are the purposes of punishment? Which do you consider to be the most important and why?

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To begin with, it is necessary to say that punishment is an integral part of modern countries’ legal systems, because countries have a duty to protect society from wrongdoers and authorities could reach success in it by punishing offenders. Oxford English Dictionary defines punishment as the infliction or imposition of a penalty as retribution for an offence. There are four main purposes of punishment – incapacitation, deterrence, retribution and rehabilitation – and the aim of this paper is to
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Restoration, as the second aspect, is characterized as damage compensation that follows the offence. For example, street vandals could be punished by cleaning things which were vandalized. There are also two kinds of retribution: assaultive and positive retribution. The definition of assaultive retribution can be kept to that it is acceptable to detest criminal for wrongdoings and the positive retribution means that innocent men should not be punished, while guilty ones always have to be penalized. Retribution as well as the other purposes has its own advantages and disadvantages. The first advantage of retribution is that it prevents people from criminal actions, in other words, if a person commits a crime, then appropriate measures can be adopted. A further benefit is that restorative retribution can bring offenders back to the community by making them more discipline and responsible. Speaking about the disadvantages, it must be said that most crimes are unintended, while the retribution is deliberate.
The next and the last purpose of punishment, which is also considered to be the most important, is rehabilitation. The aim of punishment is not only to penalize offenders, but also to restore and return wrongdoers back to normal society. The outlaws can be rehabilitated in different ways. For example, through education or mental health care in cases when the criminals in psychiatric disorder. There are

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