The Pros And Cons Of The GMO Pro

1208 Words 5 Pages
Olyvia Poelvoorde
ENST 480
GMO Pro

Genetically modified organisms (GMO) are organisms that have their genetic material altered artificially using genetic engineering. GMOs are a subject that a lot of people have an opinion about, both good and bad. Plant genetic engineering methods were developed over 30 years ago, and since then, genetically modified crops have become commercially available and widely adopted. In 2009, GM crops were being grown on 10 percent of the Earth’s arable land.1 From personal experience, when most people think of genetically modified organisms, images swirl their minds of syringes sticking out of food, or some scary variation of a mad scientist injecting them poisons. These misconceptions, I believe are why a large
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Pest-resistant plants would cut down the pollution of industrial growing as well as significantly decrease or even eliminate exposure to toxic chemicals in both our households and the fields. In the United States alone, the Department of Agriculture found residue of no less than thirty-five pesticides on non-GMO tomatoes that were destined for supermarket shelves.3 This fact alone is alarming to me, we buy these fruits and vegetables in the store and they are littered with pesticides. In the United states alone we use five-hundred-thousand tonnes of pesticides, that come in six-hundred different forms, annually.4 Along with these horrifying numbers, the World Health Organization and the United Nations Environmental Program has reported that an estimated one-million pesticide poisonings are reported annually around the world and twenty-thousand deaths.5 With genetically modified foods we can reduce those numbers significantly. The United States alone contributes sixty-seven-thousand of those non-fatal pesticide poisonings.6 The number of pesticides and fertilizers farmers have to put on their crops in order to create larger yields, or to ensure their survival is not only harmful to us, but also the environment around them. Domestic and non-domestic wildlife are also at risk when it comes to pesticide use. Since these animals often wander freely, it is easy for them to …show more content…
Corn as we know it today is completely man made and cannot even grow without some human intervention. It is believed that corn was cultivated an estimated seven-thousand years ago in Mexico by the Mayans. Then it was a grass referred to as teosinte, what we call maize. The crop started out as a grass with kernels widely spread apart. However, with centuries of interbreeding, in just the last one-thousand years, corn was developed to look how we imagine it now. While interbreeding is not a technique that relies on biotechnology to artificially produce a desired product. I believe that it is a more desired form of natural genetic modification. Corn has become one of our most important agricultural assets that, without genetic modification would not exist today. We use corn in roughly four-thousand different products, most commonly: paper, beer, snacks, insecticides and shampoo. Corn is not only genetically modified to be pest-resistant, but also to produce it 's own herbicide. Roughly ninety percent of field corn in the United States is genetically modified as

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