The Potential Effects Of Globalization

2103 Words 9 Pages
Cheerleaders like Johan Norberg and Thomas Friedman argue that globalization is inevitable and mainly positive, whereas other critics seem to have slightly different views. As YaleGlobal Online describes globalization is “propelled by the desire to improve one’s life and helped along by technology… this increasing integration of the world has enriched life but also created new problems.” As one can see, globalization is highly contested, but there are undeniable good results and bad results, depending on which aspect one is looking at. In order to understand globalization and its potential effects, on must look at all aspects as a whole, and be open to the views of contradicting experts.
Economically, globalization has mainly been a force for
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Kenny says that globalization is causing the “convergence of civilizations,” meaning that certain values, such as the education of girls is becoming the norm. Certain shared values are converging across cultures and religions, transforming our culture and theirs. Zakaria seems to agree with Kenny, saying that the spread of ideas and technology empowers people at a local level, and with globalization, many people have been able to pull themselves out of poverty. This relates to Kenny’s article because since people are pulling themselves out of poverty, more girls are getting an education and cultures can afford to hold themselves to certain norms. However, Zakaria clarifies that converging values don’t necessarily translate into American values, meaning that we are moving into a post-American …show more content…
Ideologies help organize shared human ideas and beliefs into simple claims that guide social and political action (Steger 103). Globalisms are these ideologies that “endow the concept of globalization with particular values and meanings” (Steger 104.) Steger says that there are three main type of globalism, market, justice, and religious. Market globalists takes a very neoliberal approach, whereas justice takes a left-wing approach, and religious takes a right-wing approach, although it struggles against both market and justice globalism (Steger 104). Market globalists say that globalization takes place from the ground up and shouldn’t be regulated. This is evident in the article by Friedman, a market globalist, who argues that globalization starts with the individual, such as the lady in Hanoi with a scale who charged a dollar to anyone who wanted to weigh themselves (Friedman 348). Market globalists claim five things, as stated in Steger’s Globalization. Several of these claims, such as globalization is not controlled by anyone and is inevitable and irreversible, are supported by experts like Norberg and Friedman, although Steger himself is more critical. Steger believes that TNCs have quite a bit of power over globalization, whereas Norberg is not so critical of TNCs. Nor is it true that globalization is inevitable and irreversible, since nations can implement tariffs and

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