The Positivist And Positivist Perspectives Essay

1429 Words Jan 12th, 2016 null Page
Sociologists have been arguing for a long time the possibility of studying society objectively. A society consists of a group of people living together to some extend in an organised way (Pathak, 2007: 86). Together, they make decisions to how things will be done and divide the responsibilities. The question is wether a society could be studied objectively. Objectivity is the state or quality of being unbiased or fair (Megill, 1994: 2). The positivists, including Emilie Durkhiem and Comte believe that a society could be studied with fair and unbiased way (Adam, 2001: 116). However, the anti-positivist consider that the society could never be interoperated in an objective way (Tharakan, 2006: 22). This essay will examine both the positivist and anti-positivist’s perspectives by analysing different socialist’s theories to come to a conclusion stating that a society can not be studied objectively. On the counter argument, the positivist’s perceptive argues that society could be studied objectively (Adam, 2001:116). Sociologists like Durkheim and Comte state that social science can be rational, empirical, objective, value neutral, and testable (Hutcheon, 2011) . In addition, they explain that the results concluded are empirically tested and universal (Llewellyn, Agu & Mercer, 2008: 30). In Durkheim’s book ‘The Rules of Sociological Method’ (1982), he claimed, “[This] is a category of facts which present very special characteristics: they consist of manners of acting,…

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