The Philosophy Of Utility And Arrives Essay

1233 Words Nov 14th, 2016 5 Pages
Every person is seeking happiness, whether she knows this or not. Mill’s Utilitarianism outlines the facets of the philosophy of utility and arrives at the conclusion that happiness is the ultimate end which propels humanity. All our decisions, consciously or unconsciously, are to generate more happiness and minimize pain. Mill’s assertion is a bold one, as it serves as a universal thesis for all of the humanity 's behavior. His claim seems to boil down every person’s desires to one general idea: that we are all seeking happiness in some form or another. He justifies this claim by explaining why every person desires happiness, how happiness has different components that people desire, and what constitutes desiring.
Utilitarianism defines morality by using one single rule: the moral decision is the one that maximizes pleasure and minimizes pain. It asserts that actions should only be judged by their consequences and that neither means nor motives dictate the degree of morality. It also charges that the only thing that matters in consequences is the amount of happiness created (in inverse relation to the amount of pain caused). Each person’s happiness is valued equally and one should strive to create the most happiness and the least misery.
By the time Mill reaches Chapter 4, he has essentially been making an argument assuming that the doctrine of happiness being the only desirable end as already true (he then justifies it in Chapter 4). He has already discussed what…

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