Merchants Of Doubt Analysis

Improved Essays
Public discussion is frequently a positive platform for opening discussion topics and easy worldwide access. However, in Merchants of Doubt authors Naomi Oreskes and Erik M. Conway presents the dangers of relying on the public or popular platform. One of the major issues is the public platform is the number of people in the discussion only fuels to the argument, thus it takes longer to achieve their objectives. The other issue is the stakes and implications the debates have on policy. In general, Merchants of Doubt teaches readers it is important to understand the source of the issue versus what is being debated and to further examine the purpose behind each side.
A large part of science is analyzing the difference between data and speculation,
…show more content…
Jastrow, Seitz, Nierenberg, and Singer are driven by ideology and follow the belief any government interference was risking free markets. The authors explain that with their influence in the government and the use of media, the public was easily deterred the people. For instance, Oreskes and Conway, provides compelling survey data, “just over half (56 percent) of Americans thought that average global temperature had risen -despite the fact that virtually all climate scientists that so” (169). This type of behavior is a reoccurring theme of the 20th century, how powerful people have dangerous influence. In the science field alone, Merchants of Doubt describes how the group of scientist use taglines such as no scientific consensus or degree of uncertainty in several cases. The tobacco industry, global warming, and the ozone layer depletion are only a few examples where the science has been attacked to stop government involvement. However, being deceived isn’t the only issue. Scientists have provided overwhelming evidence on global warming alone yet many still consider it a myth. The issue with no following up is global warming is still there. The issues that the public puts aside, due to confusion, are not being resolved. Policy is being decided based on completion and the market rather than the need to sustain resources and the environment. Not only is this a …show more content…
Oreskes and Conway take us back through the history and the science in order to understand the underlying issue. The authors also provide evidence of scientist like Ben Santer being attacked to fully comprehend the implications biased public debate has. The media is supposed to impose reliability on the government and balance decisions. Yet, when propaganda and diversion tactics are used, public decision becomes a hinderance rather than a tool. It is vital to recognize what is going on in our government and the media to change the outcome for the

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    The media is a source that not only vaguely summarizes the environmental problems in society, it over exaggerates its content making it seem implausible (10). In other words, the media have failed to provide the public with “realistic” and “simple” stories when publishing an article in a media’s segment. As a result, the public perceives articles regarding climate change as a major exaggeration and a farce. While it may be a stretch to consider it correct to assume that climate change is a farce based on overly worded and inflated articles do not explain the need to ignore the problem. In spite of this response, many modifications have been made to climate change articles to make them more appealing to the public eye.…

    • 1028 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Falsification is the notion that, after a theory is created, a scientist must seek to disprove said theory; through such a process, refinement strengthens the theory as scientists remove more possibilities (Popper 33-39). As falsification theory does not prove that the previous model was incorrect, it provides a less emotional way for researchers to develop new ideas. Likewise, the natural sciences possess specific criteria which must be met before an issue is further considered; this can be seen in the underlying mechanism of the scientific method. An observation results in a hypothesis, and experimentation either supports or refutes the hypothesis. Through such structured methodology, a concept becomes a theory, and a theory can then become a law.…

    • 1521 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    What has become common sense or second nature to scientists now is the action to develop a new theory from a failed attempt with an older theory. When working with science one is to expect such failure to occur quite often. These crises offer the opportunity to the scientists to rethink and reorganize. Following its emergence, Kuhn gives us a response to crises. He wants us to assume that a crises is a precondition, as he puts it, for the emergence of novel theories and ask how scientists react to these theories.…

    • 770 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Bias In Mass Media

    • 1774 Words
    • 8 Pages

    If there were stricter guidelines to what people could alter in stories and if fact checking was mandatory, our news would be a stronger source. “Criteria for much news in general is about what can shock and rouse our emotions as opposed to what is actually informative and useful to society” (El-Hady, Par. 4). Mass Media needs to stop trying to appeal to our emotions and more to our brain. Fact checking is usually done by a group of researchers who simultaneously check what is being said to the public.…

    • 1774 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    I think because we had such a non-bias presentation, we let it up to the induvial people to decide there opinion. We did a poll before we did the presentation and then one after; the two couldn 't have been any different. It went from most people agreeing that global warming was a threat to most people believe that it was a hoax. Many people agreed with that its still important to care for the environment but disagreed with the fact that global warming is a big threat. Since global warming has unreliable data to prove that the earth is heating up, people realize that could be political and mediated hoax.…

    • 1137 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Frantz and Mayer (2009) emphasized that optimism is one factor that can lead people to fail to perceive an event like environmental change. Numerous people did not know or didn’t think this is a problem, so they have no action. As for individuals’ perception, people have to understand behavioral control to pursue in problem-focused coping. Similarly, in the other article, Gifford (2011) stated that he mentioned global citizens expert to face environmental conditions in general, but optimistic bias applies to risks from climate change. Also, because of ignorance and uncertainty, people didn’t know that a problem exists and did not know how to deal with this problem.…

    • 808 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Major rises in the planet 's temperature were seen when the industrial revolution started. “Many businesses accept that climate change is real but are waiting for signals from governments before making long-term investments in measures to address the threat. Meanwhile powerful forces, notably the polluting industries and fossil fuel sector, have deep vested interest in maintaining business as usual” (Earth Journalism Network). Climate change and global warming are a difficult subject, just as Michael Pollan explains in his essay “Why Bother?” He discusses the issue of “bothering” and doing all these things to go green and make a difference, but does it make a difference when you have millions of people being careless and doing nothing to address climate change as an issue. Which brings up the question is bothering about climate change and global warming worth it?…

    • 1475 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Global warming is still considered a controversial topic in modern politics. More people believe that global warming is real but aren 't worried about the immediate threat it imposes. Conservatives believe that changes in global temperature is naturally proven by examples like the Ice Age. They believe that there is no evidence that human beings are causing climate change. Liberals, however, believe the opposite.…

    • 1557 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The amount of actual science in this show is severely limited. A significant amount of it is highly political and strays away from science. The show claims to “save the world” from science deniers but strays away from science significantly compared to the original show. It covers genuine scientific topics such as climate change, vaccines, and AI, but the show also discusses topics not related to the science in any way, such as games, gender, and other non-scientific topics. Science is not about dismissing views you disagree with and accepting everything you are told as correct.…

    • 924 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Geoengineering Solutions

    • 728 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The matter that truly worsens climate change is the human appetite for luxury, which exhausts natural resources. Because this is also a structural issue within numerous societies and production companies, a system of regulation must be widely enforced. Studies provided by the world’s top scientists must be approached with concern as well as a malleable state of mind and can-do attitudes. By using collaborative techniques and eco-friendly scientific suggestions, a systematic change could easily take place as governmental organizations implement these positively transforming schemes upon masses of people. Since technological quick fixes are unreliable and dangerously consequential, humankind must not rely upon these strategies, but instead depend on gradual restoration methods of energy and material efficiency.…

    • 728 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays