The New World Of The 19th Century Essay

1445 Words Nov 4th, 2015 6 Pages
As the seventeenth century started, just about a hundred years after Columbus’s famous discovery, the face of much of the New World had already been profoundly transformed. European crops and livestock had begun to alter the very landscape, touching off an ecological revolution that would echo for centuries to come. Disease and armed conquest had cruelly disrupted the natives. Several hundred thousand enslaved Africans toiled on Caribbean and Brazilian sugar plantations. From Florida and New Mexico southward, most of the New World lay firmly within the grip of Imperial Spain. But European powers planted three primitive outposts in three distant corners of the continent: the Spanish at Santa Fé, the French in Québec, and the English at Jamestown, Virginia. The settlement in Jamestown was the start of it all for the thirteen colonies, but the colonies began differently in the north, middle, and south. The original thirteen colonies of America were founded on the eastern coast of what is now the United States between the years of 1607 and 1733. Originally, the colonies belonged to the English, the Dutch, and the Swedish. By the time of the American Revolution, the colonies were all under British control. The 13 colonies were divided into three regions: the New England colonies, the middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. Each region was founded for a different reason and attracted a different group of people. The southern colonies were flourished with crops due to the…

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