The Causes Of American Imperialism In The 1890s

Great Essays
1. Imperialism in the 1890s reflected both continuities and changes from earlier American history, as America continued to expand but do change in the ways the expand, as well continued to have similar reason toward imperialism. To begin with, America continued to believe that i was their destiny to expand into areas and promote democracy and civilization. While previously in history this idea was called Manifest Destiny, the Americans now justified their imperialism with the idea of American Exceptionalism which was the idea that it was America’s destiny to spread democracy and civilization. The difference here is that, while previously America conquered through land, and just moved west on their own land, now the Americans started to increase …show more content…
Economically, an example is seen through their dealings with Hawaii. In 1876 the United States signed a treaty with Hawaii, which let American markets have free access to Hawaiian sugar without paying for sugar. Furthermore, when Queen Liliuokalani showed her frustrations at these treaties, the U.S overthrew the queen and annexed Hawaii. The patriotic mission is also seen through this scenario as America need HAwaii as a strategic point to help take over the Philippines. Their conquering of the Philippines was motivated by the ideals of Patriotism as well as the idea that Americans needed lands to create more enterprises. We can further see remnants of American imperialism for economic benefit, when the US created the Panama Canal. In order to achieve this, the US assisted an independence movement which allowed the Panamanians to separate themselves from Colombia. However, the people who worked on this canal were told to have pride for what they were doing for the United States, by Theodore Roosevelt. Economic self interest was also seen when the US intervened in the Mexican Revolution. At first, Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz was kind toward American companies, but eventually he started to fear the power of large corporations and thereby nationalized many of the resources. This would lead to the US to back Francisco Madero, a man more friendly toward US economic interests. When Madero forced Diaz to resign, many poor Mexicans started to demand change and the weak Madero was eventually killed. leading to new control. Obviously this posed a significant issue to the US which then moved into Mexico, occupying the port of Veracruz and indirectly assisting Venustiano Carranza, the leader who best fit the US interests. Overall, we can see that US extended their influence in certain countries for economic self interest, as seen by their influence in Colombia, Hawaii, and Mexico.

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    In the case of Hawaii, its sugarcane industry appealed to America and this led to the 1875 treaty with Hawaii, which was put in place to prevent the country from asking other world powers for aid, that placed an exemption on Hawaii 's sugar cane industry from tariffs. Additionally, following the agreement America was granted a naval base in Hawaii. Although when the Hawaiian monarchy began to reduce the power of America, a revolt begun and was led by the Hawaiian planter and U.S. sailors which ended Hawaii’s monarchy and led to its annexation in 1898. The significance of Hawaii’s change lies in the fact that it shows how America, which initially became involved with the location due to factors which would aid American markets and naval force, essentially changed the entire political state of the country due to said pursuit of goals. The raw materials from the sugarcane industry, the treaty which did not allow Hawaii to seek aid from other countries, and the construction of the naval base were all parts of a plan that eventually radically changed Hawaii from a monarchy to a territory annexed by America.…

    • 1052 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The outcome of this war lead to the United States possession of its own colonial empire began the idea on imperialism. The united states were somewhat imperialistic because they wanted to gain more raw materials and produce more for the country and its people. Both the country and its people demanded…

    • 1181 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Big Stick Imperialism

    • 1455 Words
    • 6 Pages

    This form of diplomacy promoted the growth of the nation's ideals and damaged nations with different ideologies. Wilson used this ideology to support democratic governments. One of his goals was to increase the number of democratic nations in Latin America. Moral diplomacy played an important role in the problems Wilson had with Mexico and their revolution. When World War I broke out, Wilson kept the United States neutral.…

    • 1455 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The answer to that question is whatever it takes to accomplish such goals. Despite the difference in era: both the English and the Spanish manipulated the native civilizations to gain their land and control over them. But most importantly to exploit their goods, especially gold to enhance their countries economic gains, as well in trade. From this point, manifest destiny has permeated throughout the introduction of this research paper. Further analysis will touch the similarities of territorial expansion during Hernan Cortes intent to conquer the Aztec and the United States intent to expand…

    • 250 Words
    • 1 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Imperialism is the economic, and military influence into foreign territories to expand and protect American trade. The United States was trying to create an empire by emerging an imperialistic power in Cuba and the Philippines. The United States, actions was inspired by affairs of unselfish concerns and was justified as extreme devotion to a belief and supported by racist ideals. There’s more of an importance force behind nationalism and commercialism but humanitarianism and racism have an equal weight in motives when dealing with the United States actions in Cuba and the Philippines in the 1890s. The United States country was trying to spread itself all over the world as a dominant race.…

    • 618 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    New lands under the United States’ influence could provide these new raw materials and a new market for the manufactured goods. Finally, many Americans supported the idea of social Darwinism and claimed economic competition would show that America was “the fittest” country in the world. These reasons led to America taking a break from isolationism, and spreading American influence to independent places like…

    • 1112 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    In the 19th century, the idea of manifest destiny was rampant throughout America and Europe. This term describes the right for a country to extend its land and rule outside of its borders. America started imperializing later than Europe since they had to deal with the Civil War, but afterwards, America felt a strong need to start expanding. (Lynn). American Imperialism emerged as a result of the country’s ethnocentric views and their desire to join the global sphere of influence and maintain it by trying to surpass the amount of imperial European states.…

    • 1035 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The main goal of the United States was to gain territories in the Western Hemisphere, and got hold of Cuba and the Philippines taking it away from the Spanish. An organized group that supported American economic expansion, but wanted free trade rather than political domination were the Anti-Imperialist League. Others such as military leaders welcomed the new era of imperialism they felt that it was a good technique because it was a market for goods, the US would be a leading power, and the US would gain excellent naval bases. Some leading arguments against expansion were humanitarian concerns, because Samuel Gompers stated that the US had no sympathy for the conquered people. During the 1890s the US had a busy time trying to gain many…

    • 802 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    It was a religious approach that expressed the belief that it was Anglo-Saxon Americans’ mission to expand their civilization and institutions across North America, along with modernizing and establishing democratic systems (Magaña, 7/2/2012). This expansion did not only involve territorial expansion, but also included economic opportunities. According to book Harvest of Empire, by Juan Gonzalez he states “Proponents of Manifest Destiny saw Latin Americans as inferior in cultural make and bereft of democratic institutions” (43). In accordance with that, Americans believed that their democratic system was a perfect example of their “God-given right” to conquer the frontier. In that sense, Americans were able to set foot in Latin America, conquering and extracting the countries’ resources, all for U.S. interest.…

    • 996 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This suggest the foreign policy was based on realism because the US gained Puerto Rico and were able to control Puerto Rico defense and tariffs . Another example is in Hawaii at the time Hawaii was ruled by queen Liliuokalani as a Monarchy and U.S. military overthrows the queen and annexed Hawaii, making it part of the United States as a territory in 1900. This relates to realism because the US kicked Hawaii queen out so they could have Hawaii as part of the US. In conclusion , in the 1800’s the US foreign policy was based on realism because the US would enter wars guided by reason and rationally. As shown most of the time America entered a war was because of of imperialism, territorial expansion, and Neutralism .…

    • 802 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays