Essay on The Multi Store Model Vs. The Working Memory Model

1662 Words Dec 14th, 2015 7 Pages
Memory: the Multi-store Model vs. the Working Memory Model

The multi-store model was the first model that attempted to explain the process of memory. The multi-store model is oversimplified and is not detailed enough to explain how memory works in everyday life. The working memory model is a more accurate description of the process of short-term memory and how short-term memories are converted into long-term memories. The multi-store model is able to explain the cognitive processes begin Alzheimer’s disease as well as having potential to explain other cognitive diseases that effect memory and the personality of an individual.
The first suggested explanation for the cognitive process of memory was called the multi-store model. The multi-store model was developed in 1968 by two cognitive psychology professors named Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin. It was the first model developed to attempt to give a basic structure to the concept of memory that was recognized by psychologists across the world. This model was actually inspired by basic computer science. The multi-store model was based on the assumption that memory consists of three main components (sensory, short-term, and long term) and that these components occur in sequential order.
According to, sensory memory is defined as sensory information and stores the information for around 1-4 seconds. Every second of the day, humans are using their sensory memory to make sense of their external environment.…

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