The Moral Theory Of Act Utilitarianism Essay example

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According to Act-utilitarianism, what would be the right action in this case, and why?
Act-utilitarianism is the view that the rightness or wrongness of an action is to be judged by its consequences, that is the maximisation of utility - whether or not said action is good or bad. (jjc) in the scenario presented, an act-utilitarian would suggest that one is morally permitted to pull the lever and kill one in order to save five lives. However, this moral theory does not match with the majority of people’s instincts– this suggests that act-utilitarianism is problematic and does not allow for society’s general intuitions. Although this moral theory has its problems, one can still recognise its use in other cases –it is also perfectly permissible to accept it in one case and deny it in others. (LOOP)This has led to several objections to the theory, in this specific case.
In order to make an objection to act-utilitarianism, I think it is essential to compare two distinct trolley problems and equate both the moral theory of act-utilitarianism and the objection – in doing so, we will have a more precise result and also see the reasons act-utilitarianism is severely problematic. Consider the trolley problem presented by Judith Jarvis, where a bystander can operate a switch thereby saving five and killing one. Now, at a glance, both cases are, identical. However, when people are presented with these problems, almost everyone thinks it is right for the bystander to turn the trolley…

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