Essay On Act Utilitarianism

870 Words 4 Pages
Utilitarianism is considered as one of the most prominent philosophical concepts. This model's core perspective emphasizes that actions are ethically acceptable or unacceptable depending on their consequences. Based on this understanding, it can be argued that utilitarians hold that the goal of morality is to improve life by enhancing some favorable things such as happiness in the world while minimizing undesirable aspects such as grief (Urmson, 33). Consequently, the core objective of this essay is to define and critique both Act and Rule Utilitarianism, as well as determine the most practical kind of utilitarianism. According to Pojman, Act Utilitarianism views a deed as being acceptable if it leads to the realization of maximum benefits …show more content…
In most cases, most people believe that ethical behavior is subjective and relies on a person's desires in relation to real values. However, Act Utilitarianism counters this perspective by emphasizing that how people act should be dependent on the possible consequences of all the alternatives available (Urmson, 36). For this reason, if people possess the power to predict the proportion of gains that can be realized from their actions, then it is possible to distinguish the correct decisions from the wrong …show more content…
Firstly, Act Utilitarian believe that regulation-centered actions hamper the realization of possible benefits in cases where maximum good can be realized by breaking the law instead of following it. The second argument against Rule Utilitarianism is its inability to evade the shortcomings associated with opposing concept. This perspective is based on the fact that the rule-based approach fails to incorporate core moral concepts that are employed in the society (Pojman, 112). As such, it does not augment correct answers required for the resolution of critical ethical

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