The Millennium Development Goals ( Mdgs ) Essays

1944 Words Oct 28th, 2016 8 Pages
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), implemented in September 2000 under the cooperation of all 191 United Nations member states are rooted in the concept of the eradication of poverty, and sustainable development. “The target of reducing extreme poverty by half has been reached five years ahead of the 2015 deadline” formally proclaimed Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of United Nations. However, a number of countries are shown to have not met their goals by the deadline due to high levels of poverty. Two initiatives have been adopted in recent years to redeem the plight of the world’s poor, showing how effective they are as a treatment.

Madagascar is one of the many victims of colonialism, which played a huge role in making Madagascar remain a third world country. The European authorities controlled the country’s policies and therefore its economy, which prevented the country’s growth. This has led to political corruption and social injustices, which are the main causes of poverty. In 1896, the French colonized Madagascar and unified it under a single government, preventing the formation of Malagasy’s political parties. The capital city was largely transformed and modernized with construction of basic infrastructure such as schools, railways, and roads. New crops and products including tobacco and coffee were introduced to develop its economy through the external trade, but the intention of the French was initially to maintain the protectorate in order to control its…

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